About the Authors

Ping Yin

Contributed equally to this work with: Ping Yin, Damian Roqueiro

Affiliation Division of Reproductive Biology Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Damian Roqueiro

Contributed equally to this work with: Ping Yin, Damian Roqueiro

Affiliation Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Lei Huang

Affiliation Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Jonas K. Owen

Affiliation Division of Reproductive Biology Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Anna Xie

Affiliation Division of Reproductive Biology Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Antonia Navarro

Affiliation Division of Reproductive Biology Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Diana Monsivais

Affiliation Division of Reproductive Biology Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

John S. Coon V

Affiliation Division of Reproductive Biology Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

J. Julie Kim

Affiliation Division of Reproductive Biology Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Yang Dai

yangdai@uic.edu (YD); s-bulun@northwestern.edu (SEB)

Affiliation Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Serdar E. Bulun

yangdai@uic.edu (YD); s-bulun@northwestern.edu (SEB)

Affiliation Division of Reproductive Biology Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: PY JJK SEB. Performed the experiments: PY JKO AX. Analyzed the data: PY DR LH YD SEB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: PY DR LH AN DM JSCV YD. Wrote the paper: PY DR YD SEB.