About the Authors

Kristina M. Adams Waldorf

adamsk@u.washington.edu

Affiliation Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Michael G. Gravett

Affiliations Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America, Global Alliance to Prevent Prematurity & Stillbirth, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Ryan M. McAdams

Affiliation Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Louis J. Paolella

Affiliation Global Alliance to Prevent Prematurity & Stillbirth, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

G. Michael Gough

Affiliation Washington National Primate Research Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

David J. Carl

Affiliation Ross University School of Medicine, Dominica, West Indies

Aasthaa Bansal

Affiliation Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

H. Denny Liggitt

Affiliation Department of Comparative Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Raj P. Kapur

Affiliation Department of Laboratories, Seattle Children's, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Frederick B. Reitz

Affiliation Center on Human Development and Disability, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Craig E. Rubens

Affiliations Global Alliance to Prevent Prematurity & Stillbirth, Seattle, Washington, United States of America, Division of Infectious Disease, Seattle Children's, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KAW MG CR. Performed the experiments: LP GG DC KAW. Analyzed the data: RM AB HL RK KAW. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: FR. Wrote the paper: KAW.