About the Authors

Jan-Sebastian Grigoleit

Affiliation Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Immunobiology, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany

Jennifer S. Kullmann

Affiliations Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Immunobiology, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany

Oliver T. Wolf

Affiliation Department of Cognitive Psychology, Ruhr-University Bochum, Bochum, Germany

Florian Hammes

Affiliation Department of Trauma Surgery, University Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany

Alexander Wegner

Affiliation Department of Trauma Surgery, University Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany

Stephanie Jablonowski

Affiliation Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Immunobiology, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany

Harald Engler

Affiliation Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Immunobiology, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany

Elke Gizewski

Affiliation Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany

Reiner Oberbeck

Affiliation Department of Trauma Surgery, University Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany

Manfred Schedlowski

manfred.schedlowski@uk-essen.de

Affiliation Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Immunobiology, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JSG JSK OTW HE EG RO MS. Performed the experiments: JSG JSK FH AW SJ. Analyzed the data: JSG. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: OTW HE EG RO. Wrote the paper: JSG MS.