About the Authors

Ruairi M. Gallagher

Affiliation Institute of Child Health, Department of Women's and Children's Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Jamie J. Kirkham

Affiliation Department of Biostatistics, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Jennifer R. Mason

Affiliation Research and Development, Alder Hey Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Kim A. Bird

Affiliation Research and Development, Alder Hey Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Paula R. Williamson

Affiliation Department of Biostatistics, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Anthony J. Nunn

Affiliation Pharmacy, Alder Hey Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Mark A. Turner

Affiliation Department of Women's and Children's Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Rosalind L. Smyth

Affiliation Institute of Child Health, Department of Women's and Children's Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Munir Pirmohamed

munirp@liv.ac.uk

Affiliation Department of Molecular and Clinical Pharmacology, Institute of Translational Medicine, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

RLS and MP are members of the Commission on Human Medicines. MP Chairs the Pharmacovigilance Expert Advisory Group, while RLS Chairs the Paediatric Medicines Expert Advisory Group.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: RMG JJK PRW RLS MP. Performed the experiments: RMG JRM KAB AJN MAT RLS MP. Analyzed the data: JJK RMG. Wrote the paper: RMG JJK PRW MAT RLS MP.