About the Authors

Xia Wang

Affiliation State Key Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Shandong University, Jinan, People's Republic of China

Xueying Liu

Affiliation State Key Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Shandong University, Jinan, People's Republic of China

Xiuling Yan

Affiliation School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan, People's Republic of China

Peng Zhao

Affiliation State Key Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Shandong University, Jinan, People's Republic of China

Yi Ding

pingxu@sjtu.edu.cn (PX); yding@sdu.edu.cn (YD)

Affiliation School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan, People's Republic of China

Ping Xu

pingxu@sjtu.edu.cn (PX); yding@sdu.edu.cn (YD)

Affiliations State Key Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Shandong University, Jinan, People's Republic of China, State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism and School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: XW PX YD. Performed the experiments: XW XL PZ. Analyzed the data: XW XY. Wrote the paper: XW.