About the Authors

Renato A. Sarmento

Affiliations Graduate Programme in Plant Science, Federal University of Tocantins (UFT), Gurupi, Tocantins, Brazil, Section Population Biology, Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Felipe Lemos

Affiliation Department of Entomology, Federal University of Viçosa, Viçosa, Brazil

Cleide R. Dias

Affiliation Department of Entomology, Federal University of Viçosa, Viçosa, Brazil

Wagner T. Kikuchi

Affiliation Graduate Programme in Plant Science, Federal University of Tocantins (UFT), Gurupi, Tocantins, Brazil

Jean C. P. Rodrigues

Affiliation Graduate Programme in Plant Science, Federal University of Tocantins (UFT), Gurupi, Tocantins, Brazil

Angelo Pallini

Affiliation Department of Entomology, Federal University of Viçosa, Viçosa, Brazil

Maurice W. Sabelis

Affiliation Section Population Biology, Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Arne Janssen

arne.janssen@uva.nl

Affiliation Section Population Biology, Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: RAS AJ FL MWS AP. Performed the experiments: RAS FL AJ CRD WTK JCPR. Analyzed the data: RAS FL AJ. Wrote the paper: RAS AJ MWS FL.