About the Authors

Toshie Manabe

manabe@dcc.go.jp

Affiliation Disease Control and Prevention Center, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan

Pham Thi Phuong Thuy

Affiliation NCGM-BMH Medical Collaboration Center, Hanoi, Vietnam

Vu Van Can

Affiliation Health Department of Ninh Binh Province, Ninh Binh City, Vietnam

Jin Takasaki

Affiliation Disease Control and Prevention Center, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan

Dinh Thi Thanh Huyen

Affiliation NCGM-BMH Medical Collaboration Center, Hanoi, Vietnam

Nguyen Thi My Chau

Affiliation Bach Mai Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam

Takuro Shimbo

Affiliation Research Institute, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan

Bui Thi Thu Ha

Affiliation Health Department of Ninh Binh Province, Ninh Binh City, Vietnam

Shinyu Izumi

Affiliation Disease Control and Prevention Center, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan

Tran Thuy Hanh

Affiliation Bach Mai Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam

Ngo Quy Chau

Affiliation Bach Mai Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam

Koichiro Kudo

Affiliation Disease Control and Prevention Center, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TM PTPT KK. Performed the experiments: PTPT TM VVC DTTH NTMC JT TS BTTH SI KK NQC TTH. Analyzed the data: TM PTPT TS. Wrote the paper: TM.