About the Authors

Grit Schubert

Affiliations Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany, Junior Research Group Novel Zoonoses, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany

Colin J. Stoneking

Affiliation Emmanuel College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Mimi Arandjelovic

Affiliation Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany

Christophe Boesch

Affiliation Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany

Nadin Eckhardt

Affiliation Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany

Gottfried Hohmann

Affiliation Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany

Kevin Langergraber

Affiliations Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany, Department of Anthropology, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Dieter Lukas

Affiliation Large Animal Research Group, Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Linda Vigilant

vigilant@eva.mpg.de

Affiliation Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: GS LV. Performed the experiments: GS. Analyzed the data: GS CJS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MA CB NE GH DL. Wrote the paper: GS LV KL.