About the Authors

Marc Suhrcke

Affiliation Norwich School of Medicine, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom

David Stuckler

Affiliation Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Jonathan E. Suk

Affiliation Future Threats and Determinants Section, Scientific Advice Unit, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), Stockholm, Sweden

Monica Desai

Affiliation London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Michaela Senek

Affiliation Norwich School of Medicine, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom

Martin McKee

Affiliation London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Svetla Tsolova

Affiliation Future Threats and Determinants Section, Scientific Advice Unit, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), Stockholm, Sweden

Sanjay Basu

Affiliation Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Ibrahim Abubakar

Affiliation Norwich School of Medicine, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom

Paul Hunter

Affiliation Norwich School of Medicine, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom

Boika Rechel

Affiliation Norwich School of Medicine, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom

Jan C. Semenza

Jan.Semenza@ecdc.europa.eu

Affiliation Future Threats and Determinants Section, Scientific Advice Unit, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), Stockholm, Sweden

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JCS JES ST. Performed the experiments: M. Suhrcke DS MD M. Senek MM SB IA PH BR. Analyzed the data: M. Suhrcke DS JES MD M. Senek MM ST SB IA PH BR JCS. Wrote the manuscript: M. Suhrcke DS JES MD M. Senek MM ST SB IA PH BR JCS.