About the Authors

Je-Wen Liou

Affiliations Department of Biochemistry, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan, Republic of China, Institute of Medical Sciences, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan, Republic of China, Nanotechnology Research Center, National Dong-Hwa University, Hualien, Taiwan, Republic of China

Ming-Hui Gu

Affiliation Department of Laboratory Medicine and Biotechnology, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan, Republic of China

Yen-Kai Chen

Affiliation Department of Biochemistry, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan, Republic of China

Wen-Yi Chen

Affiliation Department of Biochemistry, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan, Republic of China

Yi-Cheng Chen

Affiliations Institute of Medical Sciences, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan, Republic of China, Department of Laboratory Medicine and Biotechnology, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan, Republic of China

Yao-Hsuan Tseng

Affiliation Department of Chemical Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China

Yu-Jiun Hung

Affiliation Institute of Medical Sciences, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan, Republic of China

Hsin-Hou Chang

hhchang@mail.tcu.edu.tw

Affiliations Institute of Medical Sciences, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan, Republic of China, Nanotechnology Research Center, National Dong-Hwa University, Hualien, Taiwan, Republic of China, Department of Molecular Biology and Human Genetics, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan, Republic of China

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: J-WL H-HC. Performed the experiments: J-WL M-HG Y-KC W-YC Y-CC Y-JH. Analyzed the data: J-WL H-HC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: Y-HT J-WL H-HC. Wrote the paper: J-WL H-HC.