About the Authors

Sandro Mazzariol

sandro.mazzariol@unipd.it

Affiliation Department of Public Health, Comparative Pathology and Veterinary Hygiene, University of Padua, Legnaro, Italy

Giovanni Di Guardo

Affiliation Department of Comparative Biomedical Sciences, University of Teramo, Teramo, Italy

Antonio Petrella

Affiliation Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Puglia e della Basilicata, Foggia, Italy

Letizia Marsili

Affiliation Department of Environmental Science, University of Siena, Siena, Italy

Cristina M. Fossi

Affiliation Department of Environmental Science, University of Siena, Siena, Italy

Claudio Leonzio

Affiliation Department of Environmental Science, University of Siena, Siena, Italy

Nicola Zizzo

Affiliation Department of Veterinary Public Health, University of Bari, Valenzano, Italy

Salvatrice Vizzini

Affiliation Department of Earth and Marine Science, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy

Stefania Gaspari

Affiliation Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Firenze, Firenze, Italy

Gianni Pavan

Affiliation Department of Animal Biology, Interdisciplinary Center for Bioacoustics, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy

Michela Podestà

Affiliation Museum of Natural History of Milan, Milano, Italy

Fulvio Garibaldi

Affiliation Department for the Study Territory and its Resources, University of Genova, Genova, Italy

Margherita Ferrante

Affiliation Department of Anatomy, Diagnostic Pathology, Forensic Medicine, Hygiene and Public Health, University of Catania, Catania, Italy

Chiara Copat

Affiliation Department of Anatomy, Diagnostic Pathology, Forensic Medicine, Hygiene and Public Health, University of Catania, Catania, Italy

Donato Traversa

Affiliation Department of Comparative Biomedical Sciences, University of Teramo, Teramo, Italy

Federica Marcer

Affiliation Department of Experimental Veterinary Science, University of Padua, Legnaro Italy

Sabina Airoldi

Affiliation Tethys Research Institute, Milano, Italy

Alexandros Frantzis

Affiliation Pelagos Cetacean Research Institute, Vouliagmeni, Greece

Yara De Bernaldo Quirós

Affiliation Department of Morphology, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas, Spain

Bruno Cozzi

Affiliation Department of Experimental Veterinary Science, University of Padua, Legnaro Italy

Antonio Fernández

Affiliation Department of Morphology, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas, Spain

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Analyzed the data: SM A. Fernández GDG. Wrote the paper: SM BC. Performed pathological and virological investigations: SM GDG NZ. Performed bacteriology and biotoxins research: AP. Performed parasitological studies: DT FM. Investigated stable isotopes: SV. Performed genetic investigations: SG. Performed toxicological investigations and biological trials: LM CMF CL MF CC. Examined stomach contents: MP FG. Evaluated historical strandings, meteorological and environmental data: GP. Estimated the age of the animals: BC. Compared pictures of the whales with existing live animals databases: SA A. Frantzis. Analyzed gas and fat emboli: YDBQ A. Fernández.