About the Authors

Christina M. Wyatt

Affiliation Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America

Qiuhu Shi

Affiliation School of Public Health, New York Medical College, Valhalla, New York, United States of America

James E. Novak

Affiliation Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Michigan, United States of America

Donald R. Hoover

Affiliation Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States of America

Lynda Szczech

Affiliation Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

Jules Semahore Mugabo

Affiliation Institute of Human Virology, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Agnes Binagwaho

Affiliations Ministry of Health, Kigali, Rwanda, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Mardge Cohen

Affiliation CORE Center, Cook County Bureau of Health Services, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Eugene Mutimura

Affiliation Women's Equity in Access to Care and Treatment, Kigali, Rwanda

Kathryn Anastos


Affiliation Montefiore Medical Center and Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KA EM MC. Performed the experiments: JSM AB EM KA. Analyzed the data: CMW QS DRH KA. Wrote the paper: CMW QS JEN DRH LS JSM AB MC EM KA.