About the Authors

Akiko Shoji

akikosho@gmail.com

Affiliations Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, National Wildlife Research Centre, Environment Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Kyle H. Elliott

Affiliation Department of Zoology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Stéphane Aris-Brosou

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Doug Crump

Affiliation National Wildlife Research Centre, Environment Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Anthony J. Gaston

Affiliations Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, National Wildlife Research Centre, Environment Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AS AJG. Performed the experiments: AS KHE AJG. Analyzed the data: AS SA-B KHE. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AS DC. Wrote the paper: AS KHE SA-B DC AJG.