About the Authors

Marina Konyukh

Affiliations Human Genetics and Cognitive Functions, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France, CNRS URA 2182 “Genes, synapses and cognition”, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Richard Delorme

Affiliations Human Genetics and Cognitive Functions, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France, CNRS URA 2182 “Genes, synapses and cognition”, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France, Service de Psychopathologie de l'Enfant et de l'Adolescent, Hôpital Robert Debré, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France, INSERM, U 995, IMRB, Department of Medical Genomic, Psychiatry Genetic team, Creteil, France

Pauline Chaste

Affiliations Human Genetics and Cognitive Functions, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France, CNRS URA 2182 “Genes, synapses and cognition”, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France, Service de Psychopathologie de l'Enfant et de l'Adolescent, Hôpital Robert Debré, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France, INSERM, U 995, IMRB, Department of Medical Genomic, Psychiatry Genetic team, Creteil, France

Claire Leblond

Affiliations Human Genetics and Cognitive Functions, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France, CNRS URA 2182 “Genes, synapses and cognition”, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Nathalie Lemière

Affiliations Human Genetics and Cognitive Functions, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France, CNRS URA 2182 “Genes, synapses and cognition”, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Gudrun Nygren

Affiliation Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden

Henrik Anckarsäter

Affiliations Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden

Maria Rastam

Affiliation Department of Clinical Sciences in Lund, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

Ola Ståhlberg

Affiliation Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden

Frederique Amsellem

Affiliations Service de Psychopathologie de l'Enfant et de l'Adolescent, Hôpital Robert Debré, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France, INSERM, U 995, IMRB, Department of Medical Genomic, Psychiatry Genetic team, Creteil, France

I. Carina Gillberg

Affiliation Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden

Marie Christine Mouren-Simeoni

Affiliation Service de Psychopathologie de l'Enfant et de l'Adolescent, Hôpital Robert Debré, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France

Evelyn Herbrecht

Affiliations University Paris Est-Créteil, Faculty of Medicine, IFR10, Creteil, France, AP-HP, Henri Mondor-Albert Chenevier Hospitals, Department of Psychiatry, Creteil, France, Fondation FondaMental, French National Science Foundation, Créteil, France

Fabien Fauchereau

Affiliations Human Genetics and Cognitive Functions, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France, CNRS URA 2182 “Genes, synapses and cognition”, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France, University Denis Diderot Paris 7, Paris, France

Roberto Toro

Affiliations Human Genetics and Cognitive Functions, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France, CNRS URA 2182 “Genes, synapses and cognition”, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Christopher Gillberg

Affiliations INSERM, U 995, IMRB, Department of Medical Genomic, Psychiatry Genetic team, Creteil, France, Saint George's Hospital Medical School, London, United Kingdom

Marion Leboyer

Affiliations University Paris Est-Créteil, Faculty of Medicine, IFR10, Creteil, France, AP-HP, Henri Mondor-Albert Chenevier Hospitals, Department of Psychiatry, Creteil, France, Fondation FondaMental, French National Science Foundation, Créteil, France

Thomas Bourgeron

thomasb@pasteur.fr

Affiliations Human Genetics and Cognitive Functions, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France, CNRS URA 2182 “Genes, synapses and cognition”, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France, Fondation FondaMental, French National Science Foundation, Créteil, France, University Denis Diderot Paris 7, Paris, France

Competing Interests

Fondation Orange has no involvement on employment, consultancy, patents, products in development or marketed products. This funding does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLoS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MK RD TB. Performed the experiments: MK NL. Analyzed the data: MK RD NL TB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: RD PC CL GN HA MR OS FA ICG MCM-S EH FF RT CG ML. Wrote the paper: MK RD TB.