About the Authors

W. John Kress

kressj@si.edu

Affiliation Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., United States of America

David L. Erickson

Affiliation Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., United States of America

Nathan G. Swenson

Affiliation Department of Plant Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America

Jill Thompson

Current address: Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (Edinburgh), Bush Estate, Penicuik Midlothian, Scotland, United Kingdom

Affiliation Institute for Tropical Ecosystem Studies, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico, United States of America

Maria Uriarte

Affiliation Ecology, Evolution & Environmental Biology, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

Jess K. Zimmerman

Affiliation Institute for Tropical Ecosystem Studies, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: WJK DLE NGS. Performed the experiments: WJK DLE NGS. Analyzed the data: WJK DLE. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: WJK DLE NGS JT JKZ. Wrote the paper: WJK DLE NGS JT MU JKZ.