About the Authors

Ai-Jun Miao

miaoaj@nju.edu.cn

Affiliations State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, People's Republic of China, Department of Marine Science, Texas A & M University at Galveston, Galveston, Texas, United States of America, Department of Marine Biology, Texas A & M University at Galveston, Galveston, Texas, United States of America

Zhiping Luo

Affiliation Microscopy and Imaging Center, Texas A & M University, College Station, Texas, United States of America

Chi-Shuo Chen

Affiliation School of Engineering, University of California Merced, Merced, California, United States of America

Wei-Chun Chin

Affiliation School of Engineering, University of California Merced, Merced, California, United States of America

Peter H. Santschi

Affiliations Department of Marine Science, Texas A & M University at Galveston, Galveston, Texas, United States of America, Department of Oceanography, Texas A & M University, College Station, Texas, United States of America

Antonietta Quigg

Affiliations Department of Marine Science, Texas A & M University at Galveston, Galveston, Texas, United States of America, Department of Marine Biology, Texas A & M University at Galveston, Galveston, Texas, United States of America, Department of Oceanography, Texas A & M University, College Station, Texas, United States of America

Competing Interests

Dr. Chin is a member of the editorial board of PLoS ONE.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AJM PHS AQ. Performed the experiments: AJM ZL CSC. Analyzed the data: AJM ZL CSC WCC PHS AQ. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AJM ZL CSC WCC. Wrote the paper: AJM.