About the Authors

Stephen L. Katz


Affiliation Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, Santa Barbara, California, United States of America

Stephanie E. Hampton

Affiliation National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California, United States of America

Lyubov R. Izmest'eva

Affiliation Scientific Research Institute of Biology, Irkutsk State University, Irkutsk, Russia

Marianne V. Moore

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, Wellesley College, Wellesley, Massachusetts, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: LRI. Performed the experiments: LRI. Analyzed the data: SLK SEH. Wrote the paper: SLK SEH LRI MVM.