About the Authors

Kpandja Djawe

Affiliations Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America, Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Environmental Health, University College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America

Laurence Huang

Affiliation Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine and HIV/AIDS Division, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Kieran R. Daly

Affiliations Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America, Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America

Linda Levin

Affiliation Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Environmental Health, University College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America

Judy Koch

Affiliations Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America, Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America

Alexandra Schwartzman

Affiliation Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine and HIV/AIDS Division, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Serena Fong

Affiliation Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine and HIV/AIDS Division, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Brenna Roth

Affiliation Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine and HIV/AIDS Division, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Anuradha Subramanian

Affiliation Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine and HIV/AIDS Division, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Katherine Grieco

Affiliation Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine and HIV/AIDS Division, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Leah Jarlsberg

Affiliation Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine and HIV/AIDS Division, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Peter D. Walzer

peter.walzer@med.va.gov

Affiliations Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America, Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Environmental Health, University College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America, Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: LH KD PDW. Performed the experiments: KD JK AS SF BR AS KG LGJ. Analyzed the data: KD LH KD LL JK PDW. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KD LH LL JK AS SF BR AS KG LGJ. Wrote the paper: KD PDW.