About the Authors

Martin Biuw

martin.biuw@npolar.no

Affiliation Norwegian Polar Institute, Polar Environmental Centre, Tromsø, Norway

Ole Anders Nøst

Affiliation Norwegian Polar Institute, Polar Environmental Centre, Tromsø, Norway

Audun Stien

Affiliation Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA), Polar Environmental Centre, Tromsø, Norway

Qin Zhou

Affiliation Norwegian Polar Institute, Polar Environmental Centre, Tromsø, Norway

Christian Lydersen

Affiliation Norwegian Polar Institute, Polar Environmental Centre, Tromsø, Norway

Kit M. Kovacs

Affiliation Norwegian Polar Institute, Polar Environmental Centre, Tromsø, Norway

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MB CL KK. Performed the experiments: MB. Analyzed the data: MB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MB OAN AS QZ CL KK. Wrote the paper: MB CL KK.