About the Authors

Haixia Chen

Affiliations Institute of Evolution and Marine Biodiversity, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China, Department of Zoology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden

Malin Strand

Affiliation Sven Lovén Centre for Marine Sciences, Tjärnö, Sweden

Jon L. Norenburg

Affiliation Department of Invertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., United States of America

Shichun Sun

Affiliation Institute of Evolution and Marine Biodiversity, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China

Hiroshi Kajihara

Affiliation Department of Natural History Sciences, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan

Alexey V. Chernyshev

Affiliation Far East Division, A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, Russia

Svetlana A. Maslakova

Affiliation Oregon Institute of Marine Biology, University of Oregon, Charleston, Oregon, United States of America

Per Sundberg

p.sundberg@zool.gu.se

Affiliation Department of Zoology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MS PS. Performed the experiments: HC. Analyzed the data: HC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MS JLN SS HK AVC SAM PS. Wrote the paper: HC. Revised manuscript: PS MS JLN SS HK AVC SAM.