About the Authors

Pascal Meier

Affiliations University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America, Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

Emmanouil S. Brilakis

Affiliation Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Veterans Affairs North Texas Healthcare System, Dallas, Texas, United States of America

Roberto Corti

Affiliation Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

Guido Knapp

Affiliation Department of Statistics, TU Dortmund University, Dortmund, Germany

Mehdi H. Shishehbor

Affiliation Cardiovascular Medicine, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America

Hitinder S. Gurm

hgurm@med.umich.edu

Affiliations University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America, Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

Competing Interests

ESB has received Speaker honoraria from St Jude Medical, consulting fees from Medicure, research support from Abbott Vascular, ESB's spouse is an employee of Medtronic. MHS has received Speaker honoraria from Abbott Vascular. Despite the Competing Interests the authors agree to PLoS's policies.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: PM HSG. Performed the experiments: PM. Analyzed the data: PM GK. Wrote the paper: PM. Re-confirmed data accuracy: ESB. Interpreted the data: ESB RC GK MHS. Revised the paper critically for important intellectual content: ESB RC GK MHS. Performed independent statistical analyses of the data: GK.