About the Authors

Umar Farooq

Contributed equally to this work with: Umar Farooq, Junaid Ahmad Bhatti

dr_umar_farooq@yahoo.com (UF); junaid.bhatti@yahoo.com (JAB)

Affiliation Surgical Unit I, Department of Surgery, Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Mudassir Majeed

Affiliation Surgical Unit I, Department of Surgery, Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Junaid Ahmad Bhatti

Contributed equally to this work with: Umar Farooq, Junaid Ahmad Bhatti

dr_umar_farooq@yahoo.com (UF); junaid.bhatti@yahoo.com (JAB)

Affiliation Equipe «Prévention et Prise en Charge des Traumatismes», Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale Unité 897, Université Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France

Jahangir Sarwar Khan

Affiliation Surgical Unit I, Department of Surgery, Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Junaid Abdul Razzak

Affiliation Department of Emergency Medicine, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan

Muhammad Mussadiq Khan

Affiliation Surgical Unit I, Department of Surgery, Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: UF JB JSK JAR MMK. Performed the experiments: MM JSK MMK. Analyzed the data: UF JB JAR. Wrote the paper: UF JB JAR. Data collection and management: MM JSK. Took the lead in data analysis and manuscript writing: JB. Supervised the study: MMK.