About the Authors

Nitika Pant Pai

Affiliation Division of Clinical Epidemiology, Division of Infectious Diseases, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Canada

Milton Estes

Affiliation Forensic AIDS Project, Department of Public Health, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Erica E. M. Moodie

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, McGill University, Montreal, Canada

Arthur L. Reingold

Affiliation Division of Epidemiology, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Jacqueline P. Tulsky


Affiliation University of California San Francisco, Positive Health Program, San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: NPP ME ALR JPT. Performed the experiments: NPP. Analyzed the data: NPP EEMM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: NPP ME ALR JPT. Wrote the paper: NPP ME EEMM ALR JPT. Administrative, technical, material support: ALR JPT. Overall supervision of the project: JPT. Critical revision of the manuscript: ME EEMM ALR JPT. Administrative and technical support: ME.