About the Authors

Jane M. Natividad

Affiliation Farncombe Family Digestive Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada

Xianxi Huang

Affiliation Farncombe Family Digestive Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada

Emma Slack

Affiliation Farncombe Family Digestive Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada

Jennifer Jury

Affiliation Farncombe Family Digestive Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada

Yolanda Sanz

Affiliation Institute of Agrochemistry and Food Technology (IATA), Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Valencia, Spain

Chella David

Affiliation Department of Immunology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, United States of America

Emmanuel Denou

Affiliation Farncombe Family Digestive Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada

Pinchang Yang

Affiliation Department of Pathology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada

Joseph Murray

Affiliation Division of Gastroenterology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, United States of America

Kathy D. McCoy

Contributed equally to this work with: Kathy D. McCoy, Elena F. Verdú

Affiliation Farncombe Family Digestive Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada

Elena F. Verdú

Contributed equally to this work with: Kathy D. McCoy, Elena F. Verdú

verdue@mcmaster.ca

Affiliation Farncombe Family Digestive Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: EFV. Performed the experiments: JMN XH ES JJ YS EFV. Analyzed the data: JMN XH ES JJ YS ED PY KDM EFV. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: YS CD JM KDM EFV. Wrote the paper: JMN JM KDM EFV.