About the Authors

Annette Schneider

Affiliation Institute for Research in Operative Medicine (IFOM), Faculty of Medicine, University of Witten/Herdecke, Witten, Germany

Dimitry Spitkovsky

Affiliation Center of Physiology, Institute of Neurophysiology, Medical Faculty, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany

Peter Riess

Affiliation Department of Trauma and Orthopedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Witten-Herdecke at the Hospital Merheim, Cologne, Germany

Marek Molcanyi

Affiliation Clinic of Neurosurgery and 2nd Department of Neurophysiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany

Naidu Kamisetti

Affiliation Center of Physiology, Institute of Neurophysiology, Medical Faculty, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany

Marc Maegele

Affiliation Department of Trauma and Orthopedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Witten-Herdecke at the Hospital Merheim, Cologne, Germany

Jürgen Hescheler

Affiliation Center of Physiology, Institute of Neurophysiology, Medical Faculty, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany

Ute Schaefer

ute.schaefer@meduni-graz.at

Affiliation Department of Experimental Neurotraumatology, Medical University Graz, Graz, Austria

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: US. Performed the experiments: AS PR NK MM. Analyzed the data: AS DS MM JH US. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DS JH. Wrote the paper: US. Edited manuscript, scientific advice: JH.