About the Authors

Francine Noel

Contributed equally to this work with: Francine Noel, Sapna Mehta

Affiliation Les Centres GHESKIO, Port-au-Prince, Haiti

Sapna Mehta

Contributed equally to this work with: Francine Noel, Sapna Mehta

Affiliation Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, Vanderbilt University, School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America

Yuwei Zhu

Affiliation Department of Biostatistics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America

Patricia De Matteis Rouzier

Affiliation Les Centres GHESKIO, Port-au-Prince, Haiti

Abdias Marcelin

Affiliation Les Centres GHESKIO, Port-au-Prince, Haiti

Jian R. Shi

Affiliation Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, Vanderbilt University, School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America

Claudine Nolte

Affiliation Les Centres GHESKIO, Port-au-Prince, Haiti

Linda Severe

Affiliation Les Centres GHESKIO, Port-au-Prince, Haiti

Marie Marcelle Deschamps

Affiliation Les Centres GHESKIO, Port-au-Prince, Haiti

Daniel W. Fitzgerald

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, New York, United States of America

Warren D. Johnson

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, New York, United States of America

Peter F. Wright

peter.f.wright@dartmouth.edu

Affiliations Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, Vanderbilt University, School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America, Division of Infectious Disease and International Medicine, Dartmouth Medical School, Lebanon, New Hampshire, United States of America

Jean W. Pape

Affiliations Les Centres GHESKIO, Port-au-Prince, Haiti, Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, New York, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: PFW. Analyzed the data: SM YZ PFW. Wrote the paper: SM PFW. Assisted in data acquisition: SM. Directed Pediatric Care and assisted in manuscript preparation: FN. Performed statistical analysis of data: YZ. Supervised lab efforts and infant testing: PdMR. Supervised data management system at GHESKIO: AM. Organized and verified the database: JRS. Supervised STI labs: CN. Directed STI clinic and assisted in maternal care: LS. Supervised the maternal infant program at GHESKIO: MMD. PMTCT program guidance and editorial assistance: DWF WDJ. Director of GHESKIO program and provided assistance in manuscript preparation: JWP.