About the Authors

Samir K. Saha

sksaha@bangla.net

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Bangladesh Institute of Child Health, Dhaka Shishu (Children) Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Gary L. Darmstadt

Affiliation Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Abdullah H. Baqui

Affiliation Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Belal Hossain

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Bangladesh Institute of Child Health, Dhaka Shishu (Children) Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Maksuda Islam

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Bangladesh Institute of Child Health, Dhaka Shishu (Children) Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Dona Foster

Affiliation Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Hassan Al-Emran

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Bangladesh Institute of Child Health, Dhaka Shishu (Children) Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Aliya Naheed

Affiliation ICDDR,B: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Shams El Arifeen

Affiliation ICDDR,B: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Stephen P. Luby

Affiliation ICDDR,B: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Mathuram Santosham

Affiliation Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Derrick Crook

Affiliation Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SKS GD AHB MS DWC. Performed the experiments: BH MI DF HAE. Analyzed the data: SKS GD AHB BH HAE AN DWC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SKS DWC. Wrote the paper: SKS GD AHB SEA SL MS DWC. Contributed in patient enrollment: AN. Supervised the invasive pneumococcal disease surveillance: SEA.