About the Authors

Mai T. Q. Le

Affiliation National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam

Heiman F. L. Wertheim

hwertheim@oucru.org

Affiliations Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hanoi, Vietnam, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

Hien D. Nguyen

Affiliation National Institute for Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Hanoi, Vietnam

Walter Taylor

Affiliations Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hanoi, Vietnam, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

Phuong V. M. Hoang

Affiliation National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam

Cuong D. Vuong

Affiliation National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam

Hang L. K. Nguyen

Affiliation National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam

Ha H. Nguyen

Affiliation National Institute for Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Hanoi, Vietnam

Thai Q. Nguyen

Affiliation National Institute for Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Hanoi, Vietnam

Trung V. Nguyen

Affiliation National Institute for Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Hanoi, Vietnam

Trang D. Van

Affiliation National Institute for Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Hanoi, Vietnam

Bich T. Ngoc

Affiliation Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hanoi, Vietnam

Thinh N. Bui

Affiliation Bach Mai Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam

Binh G. Nguyen

Affiliation Bach Mai Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam

Liem T. Nguyen

Affiliation National Hospital of Pediatrics, Hanoi, Vietnam

San T. Luong

Affiliation National Hospital of Pediatrics, Hanoi, Vietnam

Phuc H. Phan

Affiliation National Hospital of Pediatrics, Hanoi, Vietnam

Hung V. Pham

Affiliation National Hospital of Pediatrics, Hanoi, Vietnam

Tung Nguyen

Affiliation National Center for Veterinary Diagnosis, Hanoi, Vietnam

Annette Fox

Affiliations Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hanoi, Vietnam, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

Cam V. Nguyen

Affiliation National Center for Veterinary Diagnosis, Hanoi, Vietnam

Ha Q. Do

Affiliations Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

Martin Crusat

Affiliations Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

Jeremy Farrar

Affiliations Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

Hien T. Nguyen

Affiliation National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam

Menno D. de Jong

Affiliations Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

Peter Horby

Affiliations Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hanoi, Vietnam, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: QML HFLW HDN WT HLKN HLKN TQN TVN LTN AF JF HLKN MdJ PH. Performed the experiments: QML HFLW PVMH CDV TDV BTN HVP TN TN QHD MC MdJ. Analyzed the data: QML HFLW WT PVMH CDV TVN TDV BTN HVP TN AF TN QHD MC MdJ PH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: QML HFLW HDN HLKN HLKN TQN TVN TNB BGN LTN STL PHP QHD JF HLKN MdJ PH. Wrote the paper: QML HDN WT TQN LTN AF JF MdJ PH.