About the Authors

Laurie A. Graham

Affiliation Department of Biochemistry, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada

Stephen C. Lougheed

Affiliation Department of Biology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada

K. Vanya Ewart

Affiliation NRC Institute for Marine Biosciences, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

Peter L. Davies

peter.davies@queensu.ca

Affiliations Department of Biochemistry, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, Department of Biology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, NRC Institute for Marine Biosciences, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: PD LG KE. Performed the experiments: LG. Analyzed the data: PD LG SL KE. Wrote the paper: PD LG SL KE.