About the Authors

Wayne K. Dawson

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: wayne.dawson@it-chiba.ac.jp

Affiliation Department of Life and Environmental Sciences, Chiba Institute of Technology, Narashino-shi, Chiba, Japan

Kazuya Fujiwara

Affiliation Department of Life and Environmental Sciences, Chiba Institute of Technology, Narashino-shi, Chiba, Japan

Gota Kawai

Affiliation Department of Life and Environmental Sciences, Chiba Institute of Technology, Narashino-shi, Chiba, Japan

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: WD. Performed the experiments: WD. Analyzed the data: WD. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KF GK. Wrote the paper: WD. Other: Helped extensively in building the web interface: KF. Helped extensively in making the graphics able to display pseudoknots: KF. Contributed to preparing the manuscript: GK. Advised on research matters: GK. Contributed experimental information: GK. Contributed some of the referenced literature/database information: GK. Designed and wrote the majority of the c++program (∼40000 lines with pseudogenes and SINEs): WD. Discovered and developed the concepts of this theory: WD. Carried out most of the literature study and analysis: WD.