About the Authors

Jonathan S. Towner

Affiliation Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Special Pathogens Branch, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Xavier Pourrut

Affiliations Centre International de Recherches Médicales de Franceville, Franceville, Gabon, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, UR178, Franceville, Gabon

César G. Albariño

Affiliation Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Special Pathogens Branch, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Chimène Nze Nkogue

Affiliation Centre International de Recherches Médicales de Franceville, Franceville, Gabon

Brian H. Bird

Affiliations Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Special Pathogens Branch, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California at Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

Gilda Grard

Affiliation Centre International de Recherches Médicales de Franceville, Franceville, Gabon

Thomas G. Ksiazek

Affiliation Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Special Pathogens Branch, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Jean-Paul Gonzalez

Affiliation Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, UR178, Nakhonpathom, Thaïland

Stuart T. Nichol

Affiliation Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Special Pathogens Branch, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Eric M. Leroy

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: eric.leroy@ird.fr

Affiliations Centre International de Recherches Médicales de Franceville, Franceville, Gabon, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, UR178, Franceville, Gabon

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: EL XP JT. Performed the experiments: EL XP JT GG CA CN. Analyzed the data: SN EL JT BB JG. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SN JT TK. Wrote the paper: SN EL JT.