About the Authors

Olivier Tenaillon

Contributed equally to this work with: Olivier Tenaillon, Olin K. Silander

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: Olivier.Tenaillon@bichat.inserm.fr

Affiliations Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) U722, Faculté de Médecine Xavier Bichat, Université Denis Diderot-Paris VII, Paris, France, Division of Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Olin K. Silander

Contributed equally to this work with: Olivier Tenaillon, Olin K. Silander

Affiliations Division of Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America, Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zurich, Ecology and Evolution, ETH-Zentrum NW, Zurich, Switzerland

Jean-Philippe Uzan

Affiliation Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris VI, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) UMR 7095, Paris, France

Lin Chao

Affiliation Division of Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: LC OT OS. Performed the experiments: OT OS. Analyzed the data: LC OT JU. Wrote the paper: LC OT OS JU.