About the Authors

Juliet R.C. Pulliam

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: pulliam@princeton.edu

Affiliation Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

Jonathan G. Dushoff

Affiliations Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America, Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Simon A. Levin

Affiliation Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

Andrew P. Dobson

Affiliation Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JD JP. Performed the experiments: JP. Analyzed the data: JP. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AD SL JD JP. Wrote the paper: JP. Other: Contributed conceptually and edited the manuscript text: AD. Analyzed the deterministic model, contributed conceptually and edited the manuscript text: SL. Conceived the study, wrote the code for the stochastic simulations, contributed conceptually and edited the manuscript text: JD. Conceived the study, analyzed the deterministic model, wrote the code for the stochastic simulations, parameterized the model for diseases in human populations, contributed conceptually and edited the manuscript text: JP.