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March 2017

Neighborhood children taking respite in the quiet, peaceful courtyard of Igreja da Penha, a church atop a hill overlooking a sprawling favela community in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In the distance is an aerial lift spanning Complexo Alemao, a large slum community once occupied by the Brazilian military in its anti-gang operation. First of its kind in Brazil, the aerial lift was inaugurated in 2011 and was designed to transport about 30,000 people per day, reducing a commute time of more than 1 hour to less than 20 minutes. In 2016, its operation was suspended by the State of Rio de Janeiro due to lack of funds. Faria et al.

Image Credit: Lee W. Riley

Editorials

Will a new 2017 global leadership commit to NTDs?

Peter J. Hotez, Serap Aksoy

Viewpoints

Zika: A scourge in urban slums

Robert E. Snyder, Claire E. Boone, Claudete A. Araújo Cardoso, Fabio Aguiar-Alves, Felipe P. G. Neves, Lee W. Riley

Fifteen years of programme implementation for the elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis in Ghana: Impact of MDA on immunoparasitological indicators

Nana-Kwadwo Biritwum, Dziedzom K. de Souza, Benjamin Marfo, Samuel Odoom, Bright Alomatu, Odame Asiedu, Abednego Yeboah, Tei E. Hervie, Ernest O. Mensah, Paul Yikpotey, Joseph B. Koroma, David Molyneux, Moses J. Bockarie, John O. Gyapong

Increasing prevalence of genitourinary schistosomiasis in Europe in the Migrant Era: Neglected no more?

Niccolò Riccardi, Francesca Nosenzo, Francesca Peraldo, Francesca Sarocchi, Lucia Taramasso, Paolo Traverso, Claudio Viscoli, Antonio Di Biagio, Lorenzo E. Derchi, Andrea De Maria

From Innovation to Application

MosqTent: An individual portable protective double-chamber mosquito trap for anthropophilic mosquitoes

José Bento Pereira Lima, Allan Kardec Ribeiro Galardo, Leonardo Soares Bastos, Arthur Weiss da Silva Lima, Maria Goreti Rosa-Freitas

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Symposium

Human African Trypanosomiasis in a Spanish traveler returning from Tanzania

Joan Gómez-Junyent, María Jesús Pinazo, Pedro Castro, Sara Fernández, Jordi Mas, Cristian Chaguaceda, Martina Pellicé, Joaquim Gascón, José Muñoz

Reviews

Management and modeling approaches for controlling raccoon rabies: The road to elimination

Stacey A. Elmore, Richard B. Chipman, Dennis Slate, Kathryn P. Huyvaert, Kurt C. VerCauteren, Amy T. Gilbert

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Visceral leishmaniasis in Somalia: A review of epidemiology and access to care

Temmy Sunyoto, Julien Potet, Marleen Boelaert

Research Articles

VivaxGEN: An open access platform for comparative analysis of short tandem repeat genotyping data in Plasmodium vivax populations

Hidayat Trimarsanto, Ernest D. Benavente, Rintis Noviyanti, Retno Ayu Setya Utami, Leily Trianty, Zuleima Pava, Sisay Getachew, Jung-Yeon Kim, Youn-Kyoung Goo, Sonam Wangchuck, Yaobao Liu, Qi Gao, Simone Dowd, Qin Cheng, Taane G. Clark, Ric N. Price, Sarah Auburn

Knowledge, practices and perceptions of geo-helminthes infection among parents of pre-school age children of coastal region, Kenya

Janet Masaku, Faith Mwende, Gladys Odhiambo, Rosemary Musuva, Elizabeth Matey, Jimmy H. Kihara, Isaac G. Thuita, Doris W. Njomo

Comparison of O-polysaccharide and hemolysin co-regulated protein as target antigens for serodiagnosis of melioidosis

Apinya Pumpuang, Susanna J. Dunachie, Phornpun Phokrai, Kemajittra Jenjaroen, Kitisak Sintiprungrat, Siriphan Boonsilp, Paul J. Brett, Mary N. Burtnick, Narisara Chantratita

Defining Brugia malayi and Wolbachia symbiosis by stage-specific dual RNA-seq

Alexandra Grote, Denis Voronin, Tao Ding, Alan Twaddle, Thomas R. Unnasch, Sara Lustigman, Elodie Ghedin

AZALEP a randomized controlled trial of azathioprine to treat leprosy nerve damage and Type 1 reactions in India: Main findings

Diana N. J. Lockwood, Joydeepa Darlong, Pitchaimani Govindharaj, Royce Kurian, Pamidipani Sundarrao, Annamma S. John

Acute juvenile Paracoccidioidomycosis: A 9-year cohort study in the endemic area of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Priscila Marques de Macedo, Rodrigo Almeida-Paes, Dayvison Francis Saraiva Freitas, Andréa Gina Varon, Ariane Gomes Paixão, Anselmo Rocha Romão, Ziadir Francisco Coutinho, Claudia Vera Pizzini, Rosely Maria Zancopé-Oliveira, Antonio Carlos Francesconi do Valle

Pre-control relationship of onchocercal skin disease with onchocercal infection in Guinea Savanna, Northern Nigeria

Michele E. Murdoch, Ian E. Murdoch, Jennifer Evans, Haliru Yahaya, Ngozi Njepuome, Simon Cousens, Barrie R. Jones, Adenike Abiose

sCD163 levels as a biomarker of disease severity in leprosy and visceral leishmaniasis

Ricardo Luís Louzada Silva, Marcio B. Santos, Priscila L. S. Almeida, Thayse S. Barros, Lucas Magalhães, Rodrigo A. Cazzaniga, Patrícia R. M. Souza, Nívea F. Luz, Jaqueline França-Costa, Valeria M. Borges, Djalma S. Lima-Junior, Michael W. Lipscomb, Malcolm S. Duthie, Steven G. Reed, Roque Pacheco Almeida, Amélia Ribeiro Jesus

An integrated overview of the midgut bacterial flora composition of Phlebotomus perniciosus, a vector of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis in the Western Mediterranean Basin

Wael Fraihi, Wasfi Fares, Pascale Perrin, Franck Dorkeld, Denis Sereno, Walid Barhoumi, Imed Sbissi, Saifedine Cherni, Ifhem Chelbi, Ravi Durvasula, Marcelo Ramalho-Ortigao, Maher Gtari, Elyes Zhioua

Modulation of the immune response by Fonsecaea pedrosoi morphotypes in the course of experimental chromoblastomycosis and their role on inflammatory response chronicity

Isaque Medeiros Siqueira, Raffael Júnio Araújo de Castro, Luiza Chaves de Miranda Leonhardt, Márcio Sousa Jerônimo, Aluízio Carlos Soares, Tainá Raiol, Christiane Nishibe, Nalvo Almeida, Aldo Henrique Tavares, Christian Hoffmann, Anamelia Lorenzetti Bocca

Protective immune responses against Schistosoma mansoni infection by immunization with functionally active gut-derived cysteine peptidases alone and in combination with glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase

Hatem Tallima, Jan Dvořák, Sahira Kareem, Marwa Abou El Dahab, Nada Abdel Aziz, John Pius Dalton, Rashika El Ridi

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) and environmental risk factors for soil-transmitted helminth intensity of infection in Timor-Leste, using real time PCR

Suzy J. Campbell, Susana V. Nery, Rebecca Wardell, Catherine A. D’Este, Darren J. Gray, James S. McCarthy, Rebecca J. Traub, Ross M. Andrews, Stacey Llewellyn, Andrew J. Vallely, Gail M. Williams, Archie C. A. Clements

Rapid Surveillance for Vector Presence (RSVP): Development of a novel system for detecting Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus

Brian L. Montgomery, Martin A. Shivas, Sonja Hall-Mendelin, Jim Edwards, Nicholas A. Hamilton, Cassie C. Jansen, Jamie L. McMahon, David Warrilow, Andrew F. van den Hurk

Vector status of Aedes species determines geographical risk of autochthonous Zika virus establishment

Lauren Gardner, Nan Chen, Sahotra Sarkar

Dengue seroprevalence, seroconversion and risk factors in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Parnali Dhar-Chowdhury, Kishor Kumar Paul, C. Emdad Haque, Shakhawat Hossain, L. Robbin Lindsay, Antonia Dibernardo, W. Abdullah Brooks, Michael A. Drebot

Interdisciplinary approach at the primary healthcare level for Bolivian immigrants with Chagas disease in the city of São Paulo

Maria Aparecida Shikanai Yasuda, Camila Gonçalves Sátolo, Noemia Barbosa Carvalho, Magda Maya Atala, Rosario Quiroga Ferrufino, Ruth Moreira Leite, Célia Regina Furucho, Expedito Luna, Rubens Antonio Silva, Marcia Hage, Caroline Medeji Ramos de Oliveira, Felipe Delatorre Busser, Vera Lucia Teixeira de Freitas, Dalva Marli Valerio Wanderley, Luzia Martinelli, Sonia Regina Almeida, Pedro Albajar Viñas, Nivaldo Carneiro Jr.

Immune response of rats vaccinated orally with various plant-expressed recombinant cysteine proteinase constructs when challenged with Fasciola hepatica metacercariae

Malgorzata Kesik-Brodacka, Agnieszka Lipiec, Monika Kozak Ljunggren, Luiza Jedlina, Katarzyna Miedzinska, Magdalena Mikolajczak, Andrzej Plucienniczak, Andrzej B. Legocki, Halina Wedrychowicz

Performance of TcI/TcVI/TcII Chagas-Flow ATE-IgG2a for universal and genotype-specific serodiagnosis of Trypanosoma cruzi infection

Glaucia Diniz Alessio, Fernanda Fortes de Araújo, Denise Fonseca Côrtes, Policarpo Ademar Sales Júnior, Daniela Cristina Lima, Matheus de Souza Gomes, Laurence Rodrigues do Amaral, Marcelo Antônio Pascoal Xavier, Andréa Teixeira-Carvalho, Olindo Assis Martins-Filho, Marta de Lana

The rise and fall of rabies in Japan: A quantitative history of rabies epidemics in Osaka Prefecture, 1914–1933

Aiko Kurosawa, Kageaki Tojinbara, Hazumu Kadowaki, Katie Hampson, Akio Yamada, Kohei Makita

The relationship between entomological indicators of Aedes aegypti abundance and dengue virus infection

Elizabeth A. Cromwell, Steven T. Stoddard, Christopher M. Barker, Annelies Van Rie, William B. Messer, Steven R. Meshnick, Amy C. Morrison, Thomas W. Scott

Using simulation to aid trial design: Ring-vaccination trials

Matt David Thomas Hitchings, Rebecca Freeman Grais, Marc Lipsitch

H+ channels in embryonic Biomphalaria glabrata cell membranes: Putative roles in snail host-schistosome interactions

Brandon J. Wright, Utibe Bickham-Wright, Timothy P. Yoshino, Meyer B. Jackson

Evaluation of radiation sensitivity and mating performance of Glossina brevipalpis males

Chantel J. de Beer, Percy Moyaba, Solomon N. B. Boikanyo, Daphney Majatladi, Hanano Yamada, Gert J. Venter, Marc J. B. Vreysen

Trypanocidal Effect of Isotretinoin through the Inhibition of Polyamine and Amino Acid Transporters in Trypanosoma cruzi

Chantal Reigada, Edward A. Valera-Vera, Melisa Sayé, Andrea E. Errasti, Carla C. Avila, Mariana R. Miranda, Claudio A. Pereira

Barriers to dog rabies vaccination during an urban rabies outbreak: Qualitative findings from Arequipa, Peru

Ricardo Castillo-Neyra, Joanna Brown, Katty Borrini, Claudia Arevalo, Michael Z. Levy, Alison Buttenheim, Gabrielle C. Hunter, Victor Becerra, Jere Behrman, Valerie A. Paz-Soldan

Experimental Bothrops atrox envenomation: Efficacy of antivenom therapy and the combination of Bothrops antivenom with dexamethasone

Gabriella Neves Leal Santos Barreto, Sâmella Silva de Oliveira, Isabelle Valle dos Anjos, Hipocrates de Menezes Chalkidis, Rosa Helena Veras Mourão, Ana Maria Moura-da-Silva, Ida Sigueko Sano-Martins, Luis Roberto de Camargo Gonçalves

LigB subunit vaccine confers sterile immunity against challenge in the hamster model of leptospirosis

Neida L. Conrad, Flávia W. Cruz McBride, Jéssica D. Souza, Marcelle M. Silveira, Samuel Félix, Karla S. Mendonça, Cleiton S. Santos, Daniel A. Athanazio, Marco A. Medeiros, Mitermayer G. Reis, Odir A. Dellagostin, Alan J. A. McBride

Increased Von Willebrand factor, decreased ADAMTS13 and thrombocytopenia in melioidosis

Emma Birnie, Gavin C. K. W. Koh, Ester C. Löwenberg, Joost C. M. Meijers, Rapeephan R. Maude, Nicholas P. J. Day, Sharon J. Peacock, Tom van der Poll, W. Joost Wiersinga

Detection and characterization of Brucella spp. in bovine milk in small-scale urban and peri-urban farming in Tajikistan

Elisabeth Lindahl-Rajala, Tove Hoffman, David Fretin, Jacques Godfroid, Nosirjon Sattorov, Sofia Boqvist, Åke Lundkvist, Ulf Magnusson

Neutropenia induced by high-dose intravenous benzylpenicillin in treating neurosyphilis: Does it really matter?

Rui-Rui Peng, Juan Wu, Wei Zhao, Tengfei Qi, Mei Shi, Zhifang Guan, Haikong Lu, Fuquan Long, Zixiao Gao, Sufang Zhang, Pingyu Zhou

Epidemiology of cholera outbreaks and socio-economic characteristics of the communities in the fishing villages of Uganda: 2011-2015

Godfrey Bwire, Aline Munier, Issaka Ouedraogo, Leonard Heyerdahl, Henry Komakech, Atek Kagirita, Richard Wood, Raymond Mhlanga, Berthe Njanpop-Lafourcade, Mugagga Malimbo, Issa Makumbi, Jennifer Wandawa, Bradford D. Gessner, Christopher Garimoi Orach, Martin A. Mengel

Murine models of scrub typhus associated with host control of Orientia tsutsugamushi infection

Nicole L. Mendell, Donald H. Bouyer, David H. Walker

The socio-economic drivers of bushmeat consumption during the West African Ebola crisis

Isabel Ordaz-Németh, Mimi Arandjelovic, Lukas Boesch, Tsegaye Gatiso, Trokon Grimes, Hjalmar S. Kuehl, Menladi Lormie, Colleen Stephens, Clement Tweh, Jessica Junker

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Structure of SALO, a leishmaniasis vaccine candidate from the sand fly Lutzomyia longipalpis

Oluwatoyin A. Asojo, Alan Kelleher, Zhuyun Liu, Jeroen Pollet, Elissa M. Hudspeth, Wanderson C. Rezende, Mallory Jo Groen, Christopher A. Seid, Maha Abdeladhim, Shannon Townsend, Waldione de Castro, Antonio Mendes-Sousa, Daniella Castanheira Bartholomeu, Ricardo Toshio Fujiwara, Maria Elena Bottazzi, Peter J. Hotez, Bin Zhan, Fabiano Oliveira, Shaden Kamhawi, Jesus G. Valenzuela

Societal impact of dengue outbreaks: Stakeholder perceptions and related implications. A qualitative study in Brazil, 2015

Joël Ladner, Mariana Rodrigues, Ben Davis, Marie-Hélène Besson, Etienne Audureau, Joseph Saba

Climate variability, animal reservoir and transmission of scrub typhus in Southern China

Yuehong Wei, Yong Huang, Xiaoning Li, Yu Ma, Xia Tao, Xinwei Wu, Zhicong Yang

Geospatial distribution of intestinal parasitic infections in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) and its association with social determinants

Clarissa Perez Faria, Graziela Maria Zanini, Gisele Silva Dias, Sidnei da Silva, Marcelo Bessa de Freitas, Ricardo Almendra, Paula Santana, Maria do Céu Sousa

Different genotypes of Trypanosoma cruzi produce distinctive placental environment genetic response in chronic experimental infection

Natalia Anahí Juiz, María Elisa Solana, Gonzalo Raúl Acevedo, Alejandro Francisco Benatar, Juan Carlos Ramirez, Priscilla Almeida da Costa, Andrea Mara Macedo, Silvia Andrea Longhi, Alejandro G. Schijman

Accuracy of chimeric proteins in the serological diagnosis of chronic chagas disease – a Phase II study

Fred Luciano Neves Santos, Paola Alejandra Fiorani Celedon, Nilson Ivo Tonin Zanchin, Wayner Vieira de Souza, Edimilson Domingos da Silva, Leonardo Foti, Marco Aurélio Krieger, Yara de Miranda Gomes

Ethnic groups’ knowledge, attitude and practices and Rift Valley fever exposure in Isiolo County of Kenya

Hippolyte Affognon, Peter Mburu, Osama Ahmed Hassan, Sarah Kingori, Clas Ahlm, Rosemary Sang, Magnus Evander

The microbiome composition of Aedes aegypti is not critical for Wolbachia-mediated inhibition of dengue virus

Michelle D. Audsley, Yixin H. Ye, Elizabeth A. McGraw

Systematic review and meta-analysis estimating association of cysticercosis and neurocysticercosis with epilepsy

Gabrielle Debacq, Luz M. Moyano, Héctor H. Garcia, Farid Boumediene, Benoit Marin, Edgard B. Ngoungou, Pierre-Marie Preux

Human Treponema pallidum 11q/j isolate belongs to subsp. endemicum but contains two loci with a sequence in TP0548 and TP0488 similar to subsp. pertenue and subsp. pallidum, respectively

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Selective inhibition of RNA polymerase I transcription as a potential approach to treat African trypanosomiasis

Louise E. Kerry, Elaine E. Pegg, Donald P. Cameron, James Budzak, Gretchen Poortinga, Katherine M. Hannan, Ross D. Hannan, Gloria Rudenko

The epidemiology and clinical features of melioidosis in Far North Queensland: Implications for patient management

James D. Stewart, Simon Smith, Enzo Binotto, William J. McBride, Bart J. Currie, Josh Hanson

Dengue Baidu Search Index data can improve the prediction of local dengue epidemic: A case study in Guangzhou, China

Zhihao Li, Tao Liu, Guanghu Zhu, Hualiang Lin, Yonghui Zhang, Jianfeng He, Aiping Deng, Zhiqiang Peng, Jianpeng Xiao, Shannon Rutherford, Runsheng Xie, Weilin Zeng, Xing Li, Wenjun Ma

Mechanism study on a plague outbreak driven by the construction of a large reservoir in southwest china (surveillance from 2000-2015)

Xin Wang, Xiaoyu Wei, Zhizhong Song, Mingliu Wang, Jinxiao Xi, Junrong Liang, Yun Liang, Ran Duan, Kecheng Tian, Yong Zhao, Guangpeng Tang, Lv You, Guirong Yang, Xuebin Liu, Yuhuang Chen, Jun Zeng, Shengrong Wu, Shoujun Luo, Gang Qin, Huijing Hao, Huaiqi Jing

A multistrain approach to studying the mechanisms underlying compatibility in the interaction between Biomphalaria glabrata and Schistosoma mansoni

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Risk mapping of clonorchiasis in the People’s Republic of China: A systematic review and Bayesian geostatistical analysis

Ying-Si Lai, Xiao-Nong Zhou, Zhi-Heng Pan, Jürg Utzinger, Penelope Vounatsou

Single locus genotyping to track Leishmania donovani in the Indian subcontinent: Application in Nepal

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First identification of Rickettsia helvetica in questing ticks from a French Northern Brittany Forest

Sarah I. Bonnet, Richard E. L. Paul, Emmanuel Bischoff, Martine Cote, Evelyne Le Naour

Chikungunya virus disease outbreak in Yap State, Federated States of Micronesia

Daniel M. Pastula, W. Thane Hancock, Martin Bel, Holly Biggs, Maria Marfel, Robert Lanciotti, Janeen Laven, Tai-Ho Chen, J. Erin Staples, Marc Fischer, Susan L. Hills

Diversification of Orientia tsutsugamushi genotypes by intragenic recombination and their potential expansion in endemic areas

Gwanghun Kim, Na-Young Ha, Chan-Ki Min, Hong-Il Kim, Nguyen Thi Hai Yen, Keun-Hwa Lee, Inbo Oh, Jae-Seung Kang, Myung-Sik Choi, Ik-Sang Kim, Nam-Hyuk Cho

Human cystic echinococcosis in Morocco: Ultrasound screening in the Mid Atlas through an Italian-Moroccan partnership

Houda Chebli, Abderrhamane Laamrani El Idrissi, Mustapha Benazzouz, Badre Eddine Lmimouni, Haddou Nhammi, Mourad Elabandouni, Mohammed Youbi, Rajaa Afifi, Sara Tahiri, Abdellah Essayd El Feydi, Adbellatif Settaf, Carmine Tinelli, Annalisa De Silvestri, Souad Bouhout, Bernadette Abela-Ridder, Simone Magnino, Enrico Brunetti, Carlo Filice, Francesca Tamarozzi