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Table of Contents

February 2017

Adult male Trichuris muris parasite shown partly removed from its epithelial niche within the gut. Individual cells of the stichosome are clearly visible within the long thin whip-like anterior which is normally embedded within the gut epithelial cells of the host. The image was generated by X-ray micro-computed tomography after staining with osmium tetroxide. Partridge et al.

Image Credit: Kathryn Else / The image was generated with assistance provided by the Manchester X-ray Imaging Facility (Julia Behnsen), which was funded in part by the EPSRC (grants EP/F007906/1, EP/F001452/1 and EP/I02249X/1), and the EM facility within the Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, University of Manchester.

Editorial

Global urbanization and the neglected tropical diseases

Peter J. Hotez

Viewpoints

Congenital Toxoplasmosis in France and the United States: One Parasite, Two Diverging Approaches

Francois Peyron, Rima Mc Leod, Daniel Ajzenberg, Despina Contopoulos-Ioannidis, François Kieffer, Laurent Mandelbrot, L. David Sibley, Hervé Pelloux, Isabelle Villena, Martine Wallon, Jose G. Montoya

Policy Platform

Update on Zika Diagnostic Tests and WHO’s Related Activities

Arlene Chua, Irena Prat, Claudius Micha Nuebling, David Wood, Francis Moussy

From Innovation to Application

Making Transmission Models Accessible to End-Users: The Example of TRANSFIL

Michael A. Irvine, T. Deirdre Hollingsworth

Symposiums

Product development programs for neglected tropical diseases: A crucial role for expert meetings

Leonie Hussaarts, Kim van der Weijde, Pierre Dome, Elly Kourany-Lefoll, Jutta Reinhard-Rupp, Remco de Vrueh, on behalf of the Pediatric Praziquantel Consortium

Visceral leishmaniasis during pregnancy: A rare case report from Greece

Periklis Panagopoulos, Vasileios Mitsopoulos, Antonios Papadopoulos, Spyridoula Theodorou, Chrysoula Christodoulaki, Kyriakos Aloupogiannis, Nikolaos Papantoniou

Reviews

Galectin-3, histone deacetylases, and Hedgehog signaling: Possible convergent targets in schistosomiasis-induced liver fibrosis

Felipe Leite de Oliveira, Katia Carneiro, José Marques Brito, Mariana Cabanel, Jonathas Xavier Pereira, Ligia de Almeida Paiva, Wingkin Syn, Neil C. Henderson, Marcia Cury El-Cheikh

Nakalanga Syndrome: Clinical Characteristics, Potential Causes, and Its Relationship with Recently Described Nodding Syndrome

Kathrin Föger, Gina Gora-Stahlberg, James Sejvar, Emilio Ovuga, Louise Jilek-Aall, Erich Schmutzhard, Christoph Kaiser, Andrea S. Winkler

Environmental and Social Change Drive the Explosive Emergence of Zika Virus in the Americas

Sofia Ali, Olivia Gugliemini, Serena Harber, Alexandra Harrison, Lauren Houle, Javarcia Ivory, Sierra Kersten, Rebia Khan, Jenny Kim, Chris LeBoa, Emery Nez-Whitfield, Jamieson O’Marr, Emma Rothenberg, R. Max Segnitz, Stephanie Sila, Anna Verwillow, Miranda Vogt, Adrienne Yang, Erin A. Mordecai

Research Articles

Comparative analysis of gut microbiota of mosquito communities in central Illinois

Ephantus J. Muturi, Jose L. Ramirez, Alejandro P. Rooney, Chang-Hyun Kim

Assessing and managing wounds of Buruli ulcer patients at the primary and secondary health care levels in Ghana

Naa Okaikor Addison, Stefanie Pfau, Eric Koka, Samuel Yaw Aboagye, Grace Kpeli, Gerd Pluschke, Dorothy Yeboah-Manu, Thomas Junghanss

EGF-mediated EGFR/ERK signaling pathway promotes germinative cell proliferation in Echinococcus multilocularis that contributes to larval growth and development

Zhe Cheng, Fan Liu, Xiu Li, Mengya Dai, Jianjian Wu, Xinrui Guo, Huimin Tian, Zhijie Heng, Ying Lu, Xiaoli Chai, Yanhai Wang

Analysis of Mycobacterium ulcerans-specific T-cell cytokines for diagnosis of Buruli ulcer disease and as potential indicator for disease progression

Norman Nausch, Daniel Antwi-Berko, Yusif Mubarik, Kabiru Mohammed Abass, Wellington Owusu, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Linda Batsa Debrah, Alexander Yaw Debrah, Marc Jacobsen, Richard O. Phillips

Seeking the environmental source of Leptospirosis reveals durable bacterial viability in river soils

Roman Thibeaux, Sophie Geroult, Claire Benezech, Stéphane Chabaud, Marie-Estelle Soupé-Gilbert, Dominique Girault, Emilie Bierque, Cyrille Goarant

Cytokines and microbicidal molecules regulated by IL-32 in THP-1-derived human macrophages infected with New World Leishmania species

Jéssica Cristina dos Santos, Bas Heinhuis, Rodrigo Saar Gomes, Michelle S. M. A. Damen, Fernando Real, Renato A. Mortara, Samuel T. Keating, Charles A. Dinarello, Leo A. B. Joosten, Fátima Ribeiro-Dias

Association of a new FCN3 haplotype with high ficolin-3 levels in leprosy

Fabiana Antunes Andrade, Marcia Holsbach Beltrame, Valéria Bumiller Bini, Letícia Boslooper Gonçalves, Angelica Beate Winter Boldt, Iara Jose de Messias-Reason

Sand fly population dynamics and cutaneous leishmaniasis among soldiers in an Atlantic forest remnant in northeastern Brazil

Filipe Dantas-Torres, Kamila Gaudêncio da Silva Sales, Débora Elienai de Oliveira Miranda, Fernando José da Silva, Luciana Aguiar Figueredo, Fábio Lopes de Melo, Maria Edileuza Felinto de Brito, Maria Sandra Andrade, Sinval Pinto Brandão-Filho

Use of eschar swabbing for the molecular diagnosis and genotyping of Orientia tsutsugamushi causing scrub typhus in Quang Nam province, Vietnam

Nhiem Le Viet, Maureen Laroche, Hoa L. Thi Pham, Nho L. Viet, Oleg Mediannikov, Didier Raoult, Philippe Parola

Spatial clustering and local risk of leprosy in São Paulo, Brazil

Antônio Carlos Vieira Ramos, Mellina Yamamura, Luiz Henrique Arroyo, Marcela Paschoal Popolin, Francisco Chiaravalloti Neto, Pedro Fredemir Palha, Severina Alice da Costa Uchoa, Flávia Meneguetti Pieri, Ione Carvalho Pinto, Regina Célia Fiorati, Ana Angélica Rêgo de Queiroz, Aylana de Souza Belchior, Danielle Talita dos Santos, Maria Concebida da Cunha Garcia, Juliane de Almeida Crispim, Luana Seles Alves, Thaís Zamboni Berra, Ricardo Alexandre Arcêncio

The burden of typhoid fever in low- and middle-income countries: A meta-regression approach

Marina Antillón, Joshua L. Warren, Forrest W. Crawford, Daniel M. Weinberger, Esra Kürüm, Gi Deok Pak, Florian Marks, Virginia E. Pitzer

Endomyocardial involvement in asymptomatic sub-Saharan immigrants with helminth-related eosinophilia

Cristina Carranza-Rodríguez, Daniel San-Román-Sánchez, Héctor Marrero-Santiago, Michele Hernández-Cabrera, Carlos Gil-Guillén, Elena Pisos-Álamo, Nieves Jaén-Sánchez, José-Luis Pérez-Arellano

Experimental infection and transmission of Leishmania by Lutzomyia cruzi (Diptera: Psychodidae): Aspects of the ecology of parasite-vector interactions

Everton Falcão de Oliveira, Elisa Teruya Oshiro, Wagner de Souza Fernandes, Paula Guerra Murat, Márcio José de Medeiros, Alda Izabel Souza, Alessandra Gutierrez de Oliveira, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi Galati

Immunization with Tc52 or its amino terminal domain adjuvanted with c-di-AMP induces Th17+Th1 specific immune responses and confers protection against Trypanosoma cruzi

Marina N. Matos, Silvia I. Cazorla, Kai Schulze, Thomas Ebensen, Carlos A. Guzmán, Emilio L. Malchiodi

Favipiravir pharmacokinetics in Ebola-Infected patients of the JIKI trial reveals concentrations lower than targeted

Thi Huyen Tram Nguyen, Jérémie Guedj, Xavier Anglaret, Cédric Laouénan, Vincent Madelain, Anne-Marie Taburet, Sylvain Baize, Daouda Sissoko, Boris Pastorino, Anne Rodallec, Géraldine Piorkowski, Sara Carazo, Mamoudou N. Conde, Jean-Luc Gala, Joseph Akoi Bore, Caroline Carbonnelle, Frédéric Jacquot, Hervé Raoul, Denis Malvy, Xavier de Lamballerie, France Mentré, on behalf of the JIKI study group

Unexpectedly high leprosy seroprevalence detected using a random surveillance strategy in midwestern Brazil: A comparison of ELISA and a rapid diagnostic test

Marco Andrey C. Frade, Natália A. de Paula, Ciro M. Gomes, Sebastian Vernal, Fred Bernardes Filho, Helena B. Lugão, Marilda M. M. de Abreu, Patrícia Botini, Malcolm S. Duthie, John S. Spencer, Rosa Castália F. R. Soares, Norma T. Foss

Hydrocephalus and arthrogryposis in an immunocompetent mouse model of ZIKA teratogeny: A developmental study

Jose Xavier-Neto, Murilo Carvalho, Bruno dos Santos Pascoalino, Alisson Campos Cardoso, Ângela Maria Sousa Costa, Ana Helena Macedo Pereira, Luana Nunes Santos, Ângela Saito, Rafael Elias Marques, Juliana Helena Costa Smetana, Silvio Roberto Consonni, Carla Bandeira, Vivian Vasconcelos Costa, Marcio Chaim Bajgelman, Paulo Sérgio Lopes de Oliveira, Marli Tenorio Cordeiro, Laura Helena Vega Gonzales Gil, Bianca Alves Pauletti, Daniela Campos Granato, Adriana Franco Paes Leme, Lucio Freitas-Junior, Carolina Borsoi Moraes Holanda de Freitas, Mauro Martins Teixeira, Estela Bevilacqua, Kleber Franchini

Predicting Ebola infection: A malaria-sensitive triage score for Ebola virus disease

Mary-Anne Hartley, Alyssa Young, Anh-Minh Tran, Harry Henry Okoni-Williams, Mohamed Suma, Brooke Mancuso, Ahmed Al-Dikhari, Mohamed Faouzi

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Modelling the risk of Taenia solium exposure from pork produced in western Kenya

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Partnering for impact: Integrated transmission assessment surveys for lymphatic filariasis, soil transmitted helminths and malaria in Haiti

Alaine Kathryn Knipes, Jean Frantz Lemoine, Franck Monestime, Carl R. Fayette, Abdel N. Direny, Luccene Desir, Valery E. Beau de Rochars, Thomas G. Streit, Kristen Renneker, Brian K. Chu, Michelle A. Chang, Kimberly E. Mace, Kimberly Y. Won, Patrick J. Lammie

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Comparative and functional triatomine genomics reveals reductions and expansions in insecticide resistance-related gene families

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Naomi Aira, Anna-Maria Andersson, Susmita K. Singh, Derek M. McKay, Robert Blomgran

Comparative genome analysis of VSP-II and SNPs reveals heterogenic variation in contemporary strains of Vibrio cholerae O1 isolated from cholera patients in Kolkata, India

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Advances in neglected tropical disease vaccines: Developing relative potency and functional assays for the Na-GST-1/Alhydrogel hookworm vaccine

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Multibacillary leprosy by population groups in Brazil: Lessons from an observational study

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