Table of Contents

May 2016

A comparison between the most important health issues to the population of Espírito Santo, Brazil, from the epidemiological perspective (health value) and their effective coverage by the print media and to analyse the DNMs considering the perspective of key journalists involved in the dissemination of health topics in the state media. Cavaca et al.

Image Credit: Cavaca et al.


Old World Cutaneous Leishmaniasis and Refugee Crises in the Middle East and North Africa

Rebecca Du, Peter J. Hotez, Waleed S. Al-Salem, Alvaro Acosta-Serrano

Zika in the United States of America and a Fateful 1969 Decision

Peter J. Hotez


Enteric Fever: A Slow Response to an Old Plague

Carlos Franco-Paredes, M. Imran Khan, Esteban Gonzalez-Diaz, Jose I. Santos-Preciado, Alfonso J. Rodriguez-Morales, Eduardo Gotuzzo

Q Fever in French Guiana: Tip of the Iceberg or Epidemiological Exception?

Loïc Epelboin, Mathieu Nacher, Aba Mahamat, Vincent Pommier de Santi, Alain Berlioz-Arthaud, Carole Eldin, Philippe Abboud, Sébastien Briolant, Emilie Mosnier, Margarete do Socorro Mendonça Gomes, Stephen G. Vreden, Magalie Pierre-Demar, Marcus Lacerda, Didier Raoult, Elba Regina Sampaio de Lemos, Félix Djossou

Expert Commentary

Zika Virus: A New Animal Model for an Arbovirus

M. Javad Aman, Fatah Kashanchi

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Policy Platform

Quantifying the Epidemiological Impact of Vector Control on Dengue

Robert C. Reiner Jr., Nicole Achee, Roberto Barrera, Thomas R. Burkot, Dave D. Chadee, Gregor J. Devine, Timothy Endy, Duane Gubler, Joachim Hombach, Immo Kleinschmidt, Audrey Lenhart, Steven W. Lindsay, Ira Longini, Mathias Mondy, Amy C. Morrison, T. Alex Perkins, Gonzalo Vazquez-Prokopec, Paul Reiter, Scott A. Ritchie, David L. Smith, Daniel Strickman, Thomas W. Scott


Human African Trypanosomiasis in the Kafue National Park, Zambia

David Squarre, Ilunga Kabongo, Musso Munyeme, Chisoni Mumba, Wizaso Mwasinga, Lottie Hachaambwa, Chihiro Sugimoto, Boniface Namangala

Louse-Borne Relapsing Fever (Borrelia recurrentis) in a Somali Refugee Arriving in Italy: A Re-emerging Infection in Europe?

Spinello Antinori, Oleg Mediannikov, Mario Corbellino, Romualdo Grande, Carlo Parravicini, Giovanna Bestetti, Erika Longhi, Davide Ricaboni, Cyrille Bilé Ehounoud, Florence Fenollar, Didier Raoult, Sara Giordana Rimoldi


Pauci- and Multibacillary Leprosy: Two Distinct, Genetically Neglected Diseases

Jean Gaschignard, Audrey Virginia Grant, Nguyen Van Thuc, Marianna Orlova, Aurélie Cobat, Nguyen Thu Huong, Nguyen Ngoc Ba, Vu Hong Thai, Laurent Abel, Erwin Schurr, Alexandre Alcaïs

Dirofilaria in Humans, Dogs, and Vectors in Austria (1978–2014)—From Imported Pathogens to the Endemicity of Dirofilaria repens

Hans-Peter Fuehrer, Herbert Auer, Michael Leschnik, Katja Silbermayr, Georg Duscher, Anja Joachim

Complexities and Perplexities: A Critical Appraisal of the Evidence for Soil-Transmitted Helminth Infection-Related Morbidity

Suzy J. Campbell, Susana V. Nery, Suhail A. Doi, Darren J. Gray, Ricardo J. Soares Magalhães, James S. McCarthy, Rebecca J. Traub, Ross M. Andrews, Archie C. A. Clements

Research Articles

Clinical and Parasitological Features of Patients with American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis that Did Not Respond to Treatment with Meglumine Antimoniate

Jairo E. Perez-Franco, Mónica L. Cruz-Barrera, Marta L. Robayo, Myriam C. Lopez, Carlos D. Daza, Angela Bedoya, Maria L. Mariño, Carlos H. Saavedra, Maria C. Echeverry

Molecular Epidemiology and Antibiotic Susceptibility of Vibrio cholerae Associated with a Large Cholera Outbreak in Ghana in 2014

Daniel Eibach, Silvia Herrera-León, Horacio Gil, Benedikt Hogan, Lutz Ehlkes, Michael Adjabeng, Benno Kreuels, Michael Nagel, David Opare, Julius N Fobil, Jürgen May

Projected Impact of Dengue Vaccination in Yucatán, Mexico

Thomas J. Hladish, Carl A. B. Pearson, Dennis L. Chao, Diana Patricia Rojas, Gabriel L. Recchia, Héctor Gómez-Dantés, M. Elizabeth Halloran, Juliet R. C. Pulliam, Ira M. Longini

Recombinant Forms of Leishmania amazonensis Excreted/Secreted Promastigote Surface Antigen (PSA) Induce Protective Immune Responses in Dogs

Elodie Petitdidier, Julie Pagniez, Gérard Papierok, Philippe Vincendeau, Jean-Loup Lemesre, Rachel Bras-Gonçalves

Temporal Dynamics and Spatial Patterns of Aedes aegypti Breeding Sites, in the Context of a Dengue Control Program in Tartagal (Salta Province, Argentina)

Manuel Espinosa, Diego Weinberg, Camilo H. Rotela, Francisco Polop, Marcelo Abril, Carlos Marcelo Scavuzzo

Research Capacity Strengthening in Low and Middle Income Countries – An Evaluation of the WHO/TDR Career Development Fellowship Programme

Michael Käser, Christine Maure, Beatrice M. M. Halpaap, Mahnaz Vahedi, Sara Yamaka, Pascal Launois, Núria Casamitjana

Eggs as a Suitable Tool for Species Diagnosis of Causative Agents of Human Diphyllobothriosis (Cestoda)

Kateřina Leštinová, Miroslava Soldánová, Tomáš Scholz, Roman Kuchta

The Burden of Cryptosporidium Diarrheal Disease among Children < 24 Months of Age in Moderate/High Mortality Regions of Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, Utilizing Data from the Global Enteric Multicenter Study (GEMS)

Samba O. Sow, Khitam Muhsen, Dilruba Nasrin, William C. Blackwelder, Yukun Wu, Tamer H. Farag, Sandra Panchalingam, Dipika Sur, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Abu S. G. Faruque, Debasish Saha, Richard Adegbola, Pedro L. Alonso, Robert F. Breiman, Quique Bassat, Boubou Tamboura, Doh Sanogo, Uma Onwuchekwa, Byomkesh Manna, Thandavarayan Ramamurthy, Suman Kanungo, Shahnawaz Ahmed, Shahida Qureshi, Farheen Quadri, Anowar Hossain, Sumon K. Das, Martin Antonio, M. Jahangir Hossain, Inacio Mandomando, Tacilta Nhampossa, Sozinho Acácio, Richard Omore, Joseph O. Oundo, John B. Ochieng, Eric D. Mintz, Ciara E. O’Reilly, Lynette Y. Berkeley, Sofie Livio, Sharon M. Tennant, Halvor Sommerfelt, James P. Nataro, Tomer Ziv-Baran, Roy M. Robins-Browne, Vladimir Mishcherkin, Jixian Zhang, Jie Liu, Eric R. Houpt, Karen L. Kotloff, Myron M. Levine

Immunohistochemical Analysis of Scarring Trachoma Indicates Infiltration by Natural Killer and Undefined CD45 Negative Cells

Victor H. Hu, Philip J. Luthert, Tamsyn Derrick, James Pullin, Helen A. Weiss, Patrick Massae, Tara Mtuy, William Makupa, David Essex, David C. W. Mabey, Robin L. Bailey, Martin J. Holland, Matthew J. Burton

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First Human Cases of Leishmania (Viannia) lainsoni Infection and a Search for the Vector Sand Flies in Ecuador

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