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Table of Contents

April 2016

Taenia solium, a parasitic cestode that affects humans and pigs, is the leading cause of preventable epilepsy in the developing world. In this study, we used Global Positioning System (GPS) devices to track pig roaming ranges in two rural villages of northern Peru. Our aim was to describe the roaming ranges of pigs in this region, and to evaluate whether the 100 meter rings encompass areas where risk factors for T. solium transmission, such as open human defecation and dense pig activity, are concentrated. O'Neal et al.

Image Credit: Seth E O'Neal

Editorials

Nutritional Enteric Failure: Neglected Tropical Diseases and Childhood Stunting

Kirkby D. Tickell, Judd L. Walson

Viewpoints

Tsetse Control and the Elimination of Gambian Sleeping Sickness

Mike Lehane, Idriss Alfaroukh, Bruno Bucheton, Mamadou Camara, Angi Harris, Dramane Kaba, Crispin Lumbala, Mallaye Peka, Jean-Baptiste Rayaisse, Charles Waiswa, Philippe Solano, Steve Torr

Insecticidal Paints: A Realistic Approach to Vector Control?

Karin L. Schiøler, Michael Alifrangis, Uriel Kitron, Flemming Konradsen

Historical Profiles and Perspectives

Neglected Actors in Neglected Tropical Diseases Research: Historical Perspectives on Health Workers and Contemporary Buruli Ulcer Research in Ayos, Cameroon

Guillaume Lachenal, Joseph Owona Ntsama, Daniel Ze Bekolo, Thomas Kombang Ekodogo, John Manton

Symposiums

Adult Loa loa Filarial Worm in the Anterior Chamber of the Eye: A First Report from Savanna Belt of Northern Nigeria

Sadiq Hassan, Mohammed Isyaku, Abdulsalam Yayo, Farouq Sarkin Fada, Gabriel U. Ihesiulor, Garba Iliyasu

Acute Paracoccidioidomycosis Due to Paracoccidioides brasiliensis S1 Mimicking Hypereosinophilic Syndrome with Massive Splenomegaly: Diagnostic Challenge

Priscila Marques de Macedo, Luã Cardoso de Oliveira, Dayvison Francis Saraiva Freitas, Jaqueline Abel da Rocha, Andrea D’Ávila Freitas, Marcio Nucci, Rosely Maria Zancopé-Oliveira, Rodrigo Almeida-Paes, Antonio Carlos Francesconi do Valle

Research Articles

Validation of N-myristoyltransferase as Potential Chemotherapeutic Target in Mammal-Dwelling Stages of Trypanosoma cruzi

Linda J. Herrera, Stephen Brand, Andres Santos, Lilian L. Nohara, Justin Harrison, Neil R. Norcross, Stephen Thompson, Victoria Smith, Carolina Lema, Armando Varela-Ramirez, Ian H. Gilbert, Igor C. Almeida, Rosa A. Maldonado

A Deep Insight into the Sialome of Rhodnius neglectus, a Vector of Chagas Disease

Paula Beatriz Santiago, Teresa C. F. Assumpção, Carla Nunes de Araújo, Izabela Marques Dourado Bastos, David Neves, Ionizete Garcia da Silva, Sébastien Charneau, Rayner Myr L. Queiroz, Tainá Raiol, João Victor de Araújo Oliveira, Marcelo Valle de Sousa, Eric Calvo, José M. C. Ribeiro, Jaime M. Santana

Bayesian Spatiotemporal Pattern and Eco-climatological Drivers of Striped Skunk Rabies in the North Central Plains

Ram K. Raghavan, Cathleen A. Hanlon, Douglas G. Goodin, Rolan Davis, Michael Moore, Susan Moore, Gary A. Anderson

Symptoms and Immune Markers in Plasmodium/Dengue Virus Co-infection Compared with Mono-infection with Either in Peru

Eric S. Halsey, G. Christian Baldeviano, Kimberly A. Edgel, Stalin Vilcarromero, Moises Sihuincha, Andres G. Lescano

Treatment Success in Trypanosoma cruzi Infection Is Predicted by Early Changes in Serially Monitored Parasite-Specific T and B Cell Responses

María G. Alvarez, Graciela L. Bertocchi, Gretchen Cooley, María C. Albareda, Rodolfo Viotti, Damián E. Perez-Mazliah, Bruno Lococo, Melisa Castro Eiro, Susana A. Laucella, Rick L. Tarleton

High Throughput Screening Identifies Novel Lead Compounds with Activity against Larval, Juvenile and Adult Schistosoma mansoni

Nuha R. Mansour, Ross Paveley, J. Mark F. Gardner, Andrew S. Bell, Tanya Parkinson, Quentin Bickle

Underestimation of Leptospirosis Incidence in the French West Indies

Sylvie Cassadou, Jacques Rosine, Claude Flamand, Martina Escher, Martine Ledrans, Pascale Bourhy, Mathieu Picardeau, Philippe Quénel

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Genetic Variation in Autophagy-Related Genes Influences the Risk and Phenotype of Buruli Ulcer

Carlos Capela, Ange Dodji Dossou, Rita Silva-Gomes, Ghislain Emmanuel Sopoh, Michel Makoutode, João Filipe Menino, Alexandra Gabriel Fraga, Cristina Cunha, Agostinho Carvalho, Fernando Rodrigues, Jorge Pedrosa

Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential (VEMP) Triggered by Galvanic Vestibular Stimulation (GVS): A Promising Tool to Assess Spinal Cord Function in Schistosomal Myeloradiculopathy

Júlia Fonseca de Morais Caporali, Denise Utsch Gonçalves, Ludimila Labanca, Leonardo Dornas de Oliveira, Guilherme Vaz de Melo Trindade, Thiago de Almeida Pereira, Pedro Henrique Diniz Cunha, Marina Santos Falci Mourão, José Roberto Lambertucci

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The Effect of Intestinal Parasitic Infection on the Clinical Outcome of Malaria in Coinfected Children in Cameroon

Tebit E. Kwenti, Franklin A. Nkume, Ajime T. Tanjeko, Tayong D. B. Kwenti

Local Cellular Immune Responses and Pathogenesis of Buruli Ulcer Lesions in the Experimental Mycobacterium Ulcerans Pig Infection Model

Miriam Bolz, Nicolas Ruggli, Nicole Borel, Gerd Pluschke, Marie-Thérèse Ruf

Predicting Dengue Fever Outbreaks in French Guiana Using Climate Indicators

Antoine Adde, Pascal Roucou, Morgan Mangeas, Vanessa Ardillon, Jean-Claude Desenclos, Dominique Rousset, Romain Girod, Sébastien Briolant, Philippe Quenel, Claude Flamand

Comprehensive Transcriptome Analysis of Sex-Biased Expressed Genes Reveals Discrete Biological and Physiological Features of Male and Female Schistosoma japonicum

Pengfei Cai, Shuai Liu, Xianyu Piao, Nan Hou, Geoffrey N. Gobert, Donald P. McManus, Qijun Chen

The Use of Assistive Technology to Promote Care of the Self and Social Inclusion in Patients with Sequels of Leprosy

Fátima Beatriz Maia, Enéas Rangel Teixeira, Gislaine Valeria Silva, Maria Katia Gomes

Behavioral Abnormalities in a Mouse Model of Chronic Toxoplasmosis Are Associated with MAG1 Antibody Levels and Cyst Burden

Jianchun Xiao, Ye Li, Emese Prandovszky, Geetha Kannan, Raphael P. Viscidi, Mikhail V. Pletnikov, Robert H. Yolken

Dermatophytosis among Schoolchildren in Three Eco-climatic Zones of Mali

Oumar Coulibaly, Abdoulaye K. Kone, Safiatou Niaré-Doumbo, Siaka Goïta, Jean Gaudart, Abdoulaye A. Djimdé, Renaud Piarroux, Ogobara K. Doumbo, Mahamadou A. Thera, Stéphane Ranque

The wMel Strain of Wolbachia Reduces Transmission of Chikungunya Virus in Aedes aegypti

Matthew T. Aliota, Emma C. Walker, Alexander Uribe Yepes, Ivan Dario Velez, Bruce M. Christensen, Jorge E. Osorio

Short Report: Serological Evidence of Under-Reported Dengue Circulation in Sierra Leone

Jaime M. de Araújo Lobo, Christopher N. Mores, Daniel G. Bausch, Rebecca C. Christofferson

An Innovative Field-Applicable Molecular Test to Diagnose Cutaneous Leishmania Viannia spp. Infections

Omar A. Saldarriaga, Alejandro Castellanos-Gonzalez, Renato Porrozzi, Gerald C. Baldeviano, Andrés G. Lescano, Maxy B. de Los Santos, Olga L. Fernandez, Nancy G. Saravia, Erika Costa, Peter C. Melby, Bruno L. Travi

A Survey of Dog Owners in Remote Northern Australian Indigenous Communities to Inform Rabies Incursion Planning

Emily G. Hudson, Navneet Dhand, Salome Dürr, Michael P. Ward

Diseases Neglected by the Media in Espírito Santo, Brazil in 2011–2012

Aline Guio Cavaca, Tatiana Breder Emerich, Paulo Roberto Vasconcellos-Silva, Edson Theodoro dos Santos-Neto, Adauto Emmerich Oliveira

Impact of Helminth Infection on the Clinical and Microbiological Presentation of Chagas Diseases in Chronically Infected Patients

Fernando Salvador, Elena Sulleiro, Adrián Sánchez-Montalvá, Mónica Martínez-Gallo, Eugenia Carrillo, Israel Molina

Inflammation Enhances the Risks of Stroke and Death in Chronic Chagas Disease Patients

Paulo Marcos Matta Guedes, Cléber Mesquita de Andrade, Daniela Ferreira Nunes, Nathalie de Sena Pereira, Tamyres Bernadete Dantas Queiroga, George Luiz Lins Machado-Coelho, Manuela Sales Lima Nascimento, Maria Adelaide Do-Valle-Matta, Antônia Cláudia Jácome da Câmara, Egler Chiari, Lúcia Maria da Cunha Galvão

Neutropenic Mice Provide Insight into the Role of Skin-Infiltrating Neutrophils in the Host Protective Immunity against Filarial Infective Larvae

Nicolas Pionnier, Emilie Brotin, Gregory Karadjian, Patrice Hemon, Françoise Gaudin-Nomé, Nathaly Vallarino-Lhermitte, Adélaïde Nieguitsila, Frédéric Fercoq, Marie-Laure Aknin, Viviana Marin-Esteban, Sylvie Chollet-Martin, Géraldine Schlecht-Louf, Françoise Bachelerie, Coralie Martin

Zika Virus Outbreak in Haiti in 2014: Molecular and Clinical Data

John Lednicky, Valery Madsen Beau De Rochars, Maha El Badry, Julia Loeb, Taina Telisma, Sonese Chavannes, Gina Anilis, Eleonora Cella, Massimo Ciccozzi, Mohammed Rashid, Bernard Okech, Marco Salemi, J. Glenn Morris Jr.

Fasciola hepatica Surface Coat Glycoproteins Contain Mannosylated and Phosphorylated N-glycans and Exhibit Immune Modulatory Properties Independent of the Mannose Receptor

Alessandra Ravidà, Allison M. Aldridge, Nicole N. Driessen, Ferry A. H. Heus, Cornelis H. Hokke, Sandra M. O’Neill

Use of Molecular Diagnostic Tools for the Identification of Species Responsible for Snakebite in Nepal: A Pilot Study

Sanjib Kumar Sharma, Ulrich Kuch, Patrick Höde, Laura Bruhse, Deb P. Pandey, Anup Ghimire, François Chappuis, Emilie Alirol

Reproductive Incompatibility Involving Senegalese Aedes aegypti (L) Is Associated with Chromosome Rearrangements

Laura B. Dickson, Maria V. Sharakhova, Vladimir A. Timoshevskiy, Karen L. Fleming, Alex Caspary, Massamba Sylla, William C. Black IV

Inferring the Spatio-temporal Patterns of Dengue Transmission from Surveillance Data in Guangzhou, China

Guanghu Zhu, Jiming Liu, Qi Tan, Benyun Shi

Epidemiology of Emergent Madariaga Encephalitis in a Region with Endemic Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis: Initial Host Studies and Human Cross-Sectional Study in Darien, Panama

Amy Y. Vittor, Blas Armien, Publio Gonzalez, Jean-Paul Carrera, Claudia Dominguez, Anayansi Valderrama, Greg E. Glass, Davis Beltran, Julio Cisneros, Eryu Wang, Alex Castillo, Brechla Moreno, Scott C. Weaver

Genetic Susceptibility and Predictors of Paradoxical Reactions in Buruli Ulcer

Yves Thierry Barogui, Sandor-Adrian Klis, Roch Christian Johnson, Richard O. Phillips, Eveline van der Veer, Cleo van Diemen, Tjip S. van der Werf, Ymkje Stienstra

Mapping the Distribution of Anthrax in Mainland China, 2005–2013

Wan-Jun Chen, Sheng-Jie Lai, Yang Yang, Kun Liu, Xin-Lou Li, Hong-Wu Yao, Yu Li, Hang Zhou, Li-Ping Wang, Di Mu, Wen-Wu Yin, Li-Qun Fang, Hong-Jie Yu, Wu-Chun Cao

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A Novel Xenomonitoring Technique Using Mosquito Excreta/Feces for the Detection of Filarial Parasites and Malaria

Nils Pilotte, Weam I. Zaky, Brian P. Abrams, Dave D. Chadee, Steven A. Williams

Analysis on Gene Expression Profile in Oncospheres and Early Stage Metacestodes from Echinococcus multilocularis

Fuqiang Huang, Zhisheng Dang, Yutaka Suzuki, Terumi Horiuchi, Kinpei Yagi, Hirokazu Kouguchi, Takao Irie, Kyeongsoon Kim, Yuzaburo Oku

Characterization of Lethal Zika Virus Infection in AG129 Mice

Matthew T. Aliota, Elizabeth A. Caine, Emma C. Walker, Katrina E. Larkin, Erwin Camacho, Jorge E. Osorio

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Co-endemicity of Pulmonary Tuberculosis and Intestinal Helminth Infection in the People’s Republic of China

Xin-Xu Li, Zhou-Peng Ren, Li-Xia Wang, Hui Zhang, Shi-Wen Jiang, Jia-Xu Chen, Jin-Feng Wang, Xiao-Nong Zhou

Identification of Trypanocidal Activity for Known Clinical Compounds Using a New Trypanosoma cruzi Hit-Discovery Screening Cascade

Manu De Rycker, John Thomas, Jennifer Riley, Stephen J. Brough, Tim J. Miles, David W. Gray

Leprosy on Reunion Island, 2005-2013: Situation and Perspectives

Guillaume Camuset, Sophie Lafarge, Gianandrea Borgherini, Anne Gerber, Nicolas Pouderoux, Aurélie Foucher, Patrice Poubeau, Rodolphe Manaquin, Sophie Larrieu, Pascal Vilain, Laetitita Huiart

The Burden of Typhoid and Paratyphoid in India: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Jacob John, Carola J. C. Van Aart, Nicholas C. Grassly

First Chikungunya Outbreak in Suriname; Clinical and Epidemiological Features

Farah T. van Genderen, Ingrid Krishnadath, Rachel Sno, Meritha G. Grunberg, Wilco Zijlmans, Malti R. Adhin

Burden and Historical Trend of Buruli Ulcer Prevalence in Selected Communities along the Offin River of Ghana

Kobina Assan Ampah, Prince Asare, Daniel De-Graft Binnah, Samuel Maccaulley, William Opare, Katharina Röltgen, Gerd Pluschke, Dorothy Yeboah-Manu

Seroprevalence of Burkholderia pseudomallei among Adults in Coastal Areas in Southwestern India

Kalwaje Eshwara Vandana, Chiranjay Mukhopadhyay, Chaitanya Tellapragada, Asha Kamath, Meghan Tipre, Vinod Bhat, Nalini Sathiakumar

Impact of Trichiasis Surgery on Quality of Life: A Longitudinal Study in Ethiopia

Esmael Habtamu, Tariku Wondie, Sintayehu Aweke, Zerihun Tadesse, Mulat Zerihun, Aderajew Mohammed, Zebideru Zewudie, Kelly Callahan, Paul M. Emerson, Robin L. Bailey, David C. W. Mabey, Saul N. Rajak, Hannah Kuper, Sarah Polack, Helen A. Weiss, Matthew J. Burton

Differential Diagnosis of Skin Ulcers in a Mycobacterium ulcerans Endemic Area: Data from a Prospective Study in Cameroon

Laurence Toutous Trellu, Patrick Nkemenang, Eric Comte, Geneviève Ehounou, Paul Atangana, Didier Junior Mboua, Barbara Rusch, Earnest Njih Tabah, Jean-François Etard, Yolanda K. Mueller

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Todd J. Treangen, George Schoeler, Adam M. Phillippy, Nicholas H. Bergman, Michael J. Turell

Faecal Parasitology: Concentration Methodology Needs to be Better Standardised

Monika M. Manser, Agatha Christie Santos Saez, Peter L. Chiodini

Characteristics of Blood Vessels in Female Genital Schistosomiasis: Paving the Way for Objective Diagnostics at the Point of Care

Sigve Holmen, Hashini Nilushika Galappaththi-Arachchige, Elisabeth Kleppa, Pavitra Pillay, Thajasvarie Naicker, Myra Taylor, Mathias Onsrud, Eyrun Floerecke Kjetland, Fritz Albregtsen

Endemicity of Zoonotic Diseases in Pigs and Humans in Lowland and Upland Lao PDR: Identification of Socio-cultural Risk Factors

Hannah R. Holt, Phouth Inthavong, Boualam Khamlome, Kate Blaszak, Chattouphone Keokamphe, Virasack Somoulay, Anousone Phongmany, Peter A. Durr, Kerryne Graham, John Allen, Blánaid Donnelly, Stuart D. Blacksell, Fred Unger, Delia Grace, Silvia Alonso, Jeff Gilbert

Identification of Novel Chemical Scaffolds Inhibiting Trypanothione Synthetase from Pathogenic Trypanosomatids

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Inge Kroidl, Elmar Saathof, Lucas Maganga, Petra Clowes, Leonard Maboko, Achim Hoerauf, Williams H. Makunde, Antelmo Haule, Prisca Mviombo, Bettina Pitter, Neema Mgeni, Joseph Mabuye, Dickens Kowuor, Upendo Mwingira, Mwelecele N. Malecela, Thomas Löscher, Michael Hoelscher

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Cryptosporidium hominis Is a Newly Recognized Pathogen in the Arctic Region of Nunavik, Canada: Molecular Characterization of an Outbreak

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A Simple and Novel Strategy for the Production of a Pan-specific Antiserum against Elapid Snakes of Asia

Kavi Ratanabanangkoon, Kae Yi Tan, Sukanya Eursakun, Choo Hock Tan, Pavinee Simsiriwong, Teeraporn Pamornsakda, Witthawat Wiriyarat, Chaiya Klinpayom, Nget Hong Tan

Bactericidal Immunity to Salmonella in Africans and Mechanisms Causing Its Failure in HIV Infection

Yun Shan Goh, Francesca Necchi, Colette M. O’Shaughnessy, Francesca Micoli, Massimiliano Gavini, Stephen P. Young, Chisomo L. Msefula, Esther N. Gondwe, Wilson L. Mandala, Melita A. Gordon, Allan J. Saul, Calman A. MacLennan

Sensitivity and Specificity of a Prototype Rapid Diagnostic Test for the Detection of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense Infection: A Multi-centric Prospective Study

Sylvie Bisser, Crispin Lumbala, Etienne Nguertoum, Victor Kande, Laurence Flevaud, Gedeao Vatunga, Marleen Boelaert, Philippe Büscher, Theophile Josenando, Paul R. Bessell, Sylvain Biéler, Joseph M. Ndung’u

Neutrophils Contribute to the Protection Conferred by ArtinM against Intracellular Pathogens: A Study on Leishmania major

Rafael Ricci-Azevedo, Aline Ferreira Oliveira, Marina C. A. V. Conrado, Fernanda Caroline Carvalho, Maria Cristina Roque-Barreira

Effects of Mother’s Illness and Breastfeeding on Risk of Ebola Virus Disease in a Cohort of Very Young Children

Hilary Bower, Sembia Johnson, Mohamed S. Bangura, Alie Joshua Kamara, Osman Kamara, Saidu H. Mansaray, Daniel Sesay, Cecilia Turay, Francesco Checchi, Judith R. Glynn

Comprehensive Transcriptome Meta-analysis to Characterize Host Immune Responses in Helminth Infections

Guangyan Zhou, Mary M. Stevenson, Timothy G. Geary, Jianguo Xia

Characterization of Calflagin, a Flagellar Calcium-Binding Protein from Trypanosoma congolense

Brett A. Eyford, Laura Kaufman, Orly Salama-Alber, Bianca Loveless, Matthew E. Pope, Robert D. Burke, Enock Matovu, Martin J. Boulanger, Terry W. Pearson

Serum Metabolomics Reveals Serotonin as a Predictor of Severe Dengue in the Early Phase of Dengue Fever

Liang Cui, Yie Hou Lee, Tun Linn Thein, Jinling Fang, Junxiong Pang, Eng Eong Ooi, Yee Sin Leo, Choon Nam Ong, Steven R. Tannenbaum

The Aetiologies and Impact of Fever in Pregnant Inpatients in Vientiane, Laos

Vilada Chansamouth, Syvilay Thammasack, Rattanaphone Phetsouvanh, Valy Keoluangkot, Catrin E. Moore, Stuart D. Blacksell, Josee Castonguay-Vanier, Audrey Dubot-Pérès, Jarasporn Tangkhabuanbutra, Narongchai Tongyoo, Phooksavanh Souphaphonh, Onanong Sengvilaipaseuth, Manivanh Vongsouvath, Koukeo Phommasone, Davanh Sengdethka, Amphayvanh Seurbsanith, Scott B. Craig, Laura Hermann, Michel Strobel, Paul N. Newton

Endomicroscopic and Transcriptomic Analysis of Impaired Barrier Function and Malabsorption in Environmental Enteropathy

Paul Kelly, Ellen Besa, Kanekwa Zyambo, John Louis-Auguste, James Lees, Themba Banda, Rose Soko, Rosemary Banda, Beatrice Amadi, Alastair Watson

The Spatio-temporal Distribution of Japanese Encephalitis Cases in Different Age Groups in Mainland China, 2004 – 2014

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A Randomized Controlled Double Blind Trial of Ciclosporin versus Prednisolone in the Management of Leprosy Patients with New Type 1 Reaction, in Ethiopia

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Vaccination of Gerbils with Bm-103 and Bm-RAL-2 Concurrently or as a Fusion Protein Confers Consistent and Improved Protection against Brugia malayi Infection

Sridhar Arumugam, Junfei Wei, Zhuyun Liu, David Abraham, Aaron Bell, Maria Elena Bottazzi, Peter J. Hotez, Bin Zhan, Sara Lustigman, Thomas R. Klei

The “Buruli Score”: Development of a Multivariable Prediction Model for Diagnosis of Mycobacterium ulcerans Infection in Individuals with Ulcerative Skin Lesions, Akonolinga, Cameroon

Yolanda K. Mueller, Mathieu Bastard, Patrick Nkemenang, Eric Comte, Geneviève Ehounou, Sara Eyangoh, Barbara Rusch, Earnest Njih Tabah, Laurence Toutous Trellu, Jean-Francois Etard

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Ian W. Pray, Dallas J. Swanson, Viterbo Ayvar, Claudio Muro, Luz M. Moyano, Armando E. Gonzalez, Hector H. Garcia, Seth E. O’Neal, Cysticercosis Working Group in Peru

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