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Table of Contents

November 2015

Aedes aegypti adult overies (post-blood) are shown. The tissue is labeled with phalloidin (red) and counterstained with the nuclear stain TO-PRO (blue), revealing the structural details of ovary organization. Duman-Scheel et al.

Image Credit: Keshava Mysore

Editorial

Viewpoints

Generating Evidence to Improve the Response to Neglected Diseases: How Operational Research in a Médecins Sans Frontières Buruli Ulcer Treatment Programme Informed International Management Guidance

Daniel P. O’Brien, Nathan Ford, Marco Vitoria, Kingsley Asiedu, Alexandra Calmy, Philipp Du Cros, Eric Comte, Vanessa Christinet

Historical Profiles and Perspectives

Bihar’s Pioneering School-Based Deworming Programme: Lessons Learned in Deworming over 17 Million Indian School-Age Children in One Sustainable Campaign

Lesley J. Drake, Sarman Singh, C. K. Mishra, Amarjeet Sinha, Sanjay Kumar, Rajesh Bhushan, T. Deirdre Hollingsworth, Laura J. Appleby, Rakesh Kumar, Kriti Sharma, Yogita Kumar, Sri Raman, Stalin Chakrabarty, Jimmy H. Kihara, N. K. Gunawardena, Grace Hollister, Vandana Kumar, Anish Ankur, Babul Prasad, Sushma Ramachandran, Alissa Fishbane, Prerna Makkar

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Symposiums

Complete Healing of a Laboratory-Confirmed Buruli Ulcer Lesion after Receiving Only Herbal Household Remedies

Arianna Andreoli, Ferdinand Mou, Jacques C. Minyem, Fidèle G. Wantong, Djeunga Noumen, Paschal K. Awah, Gerd Pluschke, Alphonse Um Boock, Martin W. Bratschi

Arthropod Vectors and Disease Transmission: Translational Aspects

Wolfgang W. Leitner, Tonu Wali, Randall Kincaid, Adriana Costero-Saint Denis

A Case of Urogenital Human Schistosomiasis from a Non-endemic Area

Antonia Calvo-Cano, Lieselotte Cnops, Tine Huyse, Lisette van Lieshout, Josefina Pardos, M. E. Valls, Agustín Franco, David Rollinson, Joaquim Gascon

Research Articles

A Genomic Approach to Resolving Relapse versus Reinfection among Four Cases of Buruli Ulcer

Miriam Eddyani, Koen Vandelannoote, Conor J. Meehan, Sabin Bhuju, Jessica L. Porter, Julia Aguiar, Torsten Seemann, Michael Jarek, Mahavir Singh, Françoise Portaels, Timothy P. Stinear, Bouke C. de Jong

Exploring Consumer Perceptions and Economic Burden of Onchocerciasis on Households in Enugu State, South-East Nigeria

Ogochukwu Ibe, Obinna Onwujekwe, Benjamin Uzochukwu, Miriam Ajuba, Paul Okonkwo

The Molecular Epidemiology and Evolution of Murray Valley Encephalitis Virus: Recent Emergence of Distinct Sub-lineages of the Dominant Genotype 1

David T. Williams, Sinéad M. Diviney, Aziz-ur-Rahman Niazi, Peter A. Durr, Beng Hooi Chua, Belinda Herring, Alyssa Pyke, Stephen L. Doggett, Cheryl A. Johansen, John S. Mackenzie

Establishment of a Canine Rabies Burden in Haiti through the Implementation of a Novel Surveillance Program

Ryan M Wallace, Hannah Reses, Richard Franka, Pierre Dilius, Natael Fenelon, Lillian Orciari, Melissa Etheart, Apollon Destine, Kelly Crowdis, Jesse D Blanton, Calvin Francisco, Fleurinord Ludder, Victor Del Rio Vilas, Joseph Haim, Max Millien

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Trachoma and Relative Poverty: A Case-Control Study

Esmael Habtamu, Tariku Wondie, Sintayehu Aweke, Zerihun Tadesse, Mulat Zerihun, Zebideru Zewdie, Kelly Callahan, Paul M. Emerson, Hannah Kuper, Robin L. Bailey, David C. W. Mabey, Saul N. Rajak, Sarah Polack, Helen A. Weiss, Matthew J. Burton

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The Impact of Trachomatous Trichiasis on Quality of Life: A Case Control Study

Esmael Habtamu, Tariku Wondie, Sintayehu Aweke, Zerihun Tadesse, Mulat Zerihun, Zebideru Zewudie, Wondimu Gebeyehu, Kelly Callahan, Paul M. Emerson, Hannah Kuper, Robin L. Bailey, David C. W. Mabey, Saul N. Rajak, Sarah Polack, Helen A. Weiss, Matthew J. Burton

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Quality of Reporting and Adherence to ARRIVE Guidelines in Animal Studies for Chagas Disease Preclinical Drug Research: A Systematic Review

Julián Ernesto Nicolás Gulin, Daniela Marisa Rocco, Facundo García-Bournissen

Modeling and Validation of Environmental Suitability for Schistosomiasis Transmission Using Remote Sensing

Yvonne Walz, Martin Wegmann, Stefan Dech, Penelope Vounatsou, Jean-Noël Poda, Eliézer K. N'Goran, Jürg Utzinger, Giovanna Raso

Plasmodium vivax Transmission in Africa

Rosalind E. Howes, Robert C. Reiner Jr., Katherine E. Battle, Joshua Longbottom, Bonnie Mappin, Dariya Ordanovich, Andrew J. Tatem, Chris Drakeley, Peter W. Gething, Peter A. Zimmerman, David L. Smith, Simon I. Hay

Deltamethrin Resistance Mechanisms in Aedes aegypti Populations from Three French Overseas Territories Worldwide

Isabelle Dusfour, Pilar Zorrilla, Amandine Guidez, Jean Issaly, Romain Girod, Laurent Guillaumot, Carlos Robello, Clare Strode

Shaking the Tree: Multi-locus Sequence Typing Usurps Current Onchocercid (Filarial Nematode) Phylogeny

Emilie Lefoulon, Odile Bain, Jérôme Bourret, Kerstin Junker, Ricardo Guerrero, Israel Cañizales, Yuriy Kuzmin, Tri Baskoro T. Satoto, Jorge Manuel Cardenas-Callirgos, Sueli de Souza Lima, Christian Raccurt, Yasen Mutafchiev, Laurent Gavotte, Coralie Martin

Prevalence of and Factors Associated with Human Cysticercosis in 60 Villages in Three Provinces of Burkina Faso

Hélène Carabin, Athanase Millogo, Assana Cissé, Sarah Gabriël, Ida Sahlu, Pierre Dorny, Cici Bauer, Zekiba Tarnagda, Linda D Cowan, Rasmané Ganaba

Prevention of Malaria Resurgence in Greece through the Association of Mass Drug Administration (MDA) to Immigrants from Malaria-Endemic Regions and Standard Control Measures

Maria Tseroni, Agoritsa Baka, Christina Kapizioni, Georges Snounou, Sotirios Tsiodras, Maria Charvalakou, Maria Georgitsou, Maria Panoutsakou, Ioanna Psinaki, Maria Tsoromokou, George Karakitsos, Danai Pervanidou, Annita Vakali, Varvara Mouchtouri, Theano Georgakopoulou, Zissis Mamuris, Nikos Papadopoulos, George Koliopoulos, Evangelos Badieritakis, Vasilis Diamantopoulos, Athanasios Tsakris, Jenny Kremastinou, Christos Hadjichristodoulou, MALWEST Project

Comparative Genomics of Field Isolates of Mycobacterium bovis and M. caprae Provides Evidence for Possible Correlates with Bacterial Viability and Virulence

José de la Fuente, Iratxe Díez-Delgado, Marinela Contreras, Joaquín Vicente, Alejandro Cabezas-Cruz, Raquel Tobes, Marina Manrique, Vladimir López, Beatriz Romero, Javier Bezos, Lucas Dominguez, Iker A. Sevilla, Joseba M. Garrido, Ramón Juste, Guillermo Madico, Edward Jones-López, Christian Gortazar

Simple, Rapid Mycobacterium ulcerans Disease Diagnosis from Clinical Samples by Fluorescence of Mycolactone on Thin Layer Chromatography

Anita Wadagni, Michael Frimpong, Delphin Mavinga Phanzu, Anthony Ablordey, Emmanuel Kacou, Mirabelle Gbedevi, Estelle Marion, Yalan Xing, Vaddela Sudheer Babu, Richard Odame Phillips, Mark Wansbrough-Jones, Yoshito Kishi, Kingsley Asiedu

Molecular Characterisation of Chikungunya Virus Infections in Trinidad and Comparison of Clinical and Laboratory Features with Dengue and Other Acute Febrile Cases

Nikita Sahadeo, Hamish Mohammed, Orchid M. Allicock, Albert J. Auguste, Steven G. Widen, Kimberly Badal, Krishna Pulchan, Jerome E. Foster, Scott C. Weaver, Christine V. F. Carrington

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Distribution and Potential Indicators of Hospitalized Cases of Neurocysticercosis and Epilepsy in Ecuador from 1996 to 2008

Lenin Ron-Garrido, Marco Coral-Almeida, Sarah Gabriël, Washington Benitez-Ortiz, Claude Saegerman, Pierre Dorny, Dirk Berkvens, Emmanuel Nji Abatih

Polyfunctional Specific Response to Echinococcus Granulosus Associates to the Biological Activity of the Cysts

Linda Petrone, Valentina Vanini, Elisa Petruccioli, Giuseppe Maria Ettorre, Vincenzo Schininà, Elisa Busi Rizzi, Alessandra Ludovisi, Angela Corpolongo, Giuseppe Ippolito, Edoardo Pozio, Antonella Teggi, Delia Goletti

Validation of qPCR Methods for the Detection of Mycobacterium in New World Animal Reservoirs

Genevieve Housman, Joanna Malukiewicz, Vanner Boere, Adriana D. Grativol, Luiz Cezar M. Pereira, Ita de Oliveira e Silva, Carlos R. Ruiz-Miranda, Richard Truman, Anne C. Stone

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Proteasome Inhibition Suppresses Dengue Virus Egress in Antibody Dependent Infection

Milly M. Choy, Summer L. Zhang, Vivian V. Costa, Hwee Cheng Tan, Sophie Horrevorts, Eng Eong Ooi

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Molecular Characterization of a Novel Family of Trypanosoma cruzi Surface Membrane Proteins (TcSMP) Involved in Mammalian Host Cell Invasion

Nadini Oliveira Martins, Renata Torres de Souza, Esteban Mauricio Cordero, Danielle Cortez Maldonado, Cristian Cortez, Marjorie Mendes Marini, Eden Ramalho Ferreira, Ethel Bayer-Santos, Igor Correia de Almeida, Nobuko Yoshida, José Franco da Silveira

Recombinant Envelope-Proteins with Mutations in the Conserved Fusion Loop Allow Specific Serological Diagnosis of Dengue-Infections

Alexandra Rockstroh, Luisa Barzon, Monia Pacenti, Giorgio Palù, Matthias Niedrig, Sebastian Ulbert

Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification for Laboratory Confirmation of Buruli Ulcer Disease—Towards a Point-of-Care Test

Marcus Beissner, Richard Odame Phillips, Florian Battke, Malkin Bauer, Kossi Badziklou, Fred Stephen Sarfo, Issaka Maman, Agata Rhomberg, Ebekalisai Piten, Michael Frimpong, Kristina Lydia Huber, Dominik Symank, Moritz Jansson, Franz Xaver Wiedemann, Abiba Banla Kere, Karl-Heinz Herbinger, Thomas Löscher, Gisela Bretzel

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) on Rift Valley Fever among Pastoralist Communities of Ijara District, North Eastern Kenya

Ismail H. Abdi, Hippolyte D. Affognon, Anthony K. Wanjoya, Washington Onyango-Ouma, Rosemary Sang

Leptospirosis in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: An Ecosystem Approach in the Animal-Human Interface

Maria Cristina Schneider, Patricia Najera, Martha M. Pereira, Gustavo Machado, Celso B. dos Anjos, Rogério O. Rodrigues, Gabriela M. Cavagni, Claudia Muñoz-Zanzi, Luis G. Corbellini, Mariana Leone, Daniel F. Buss, Sylvain Aldighieri, Marcos A. Espinal

Vibrio cholerae Serogroup O139: Isolation from Cholera Patients and Asymptomatic Household Family Members in Bangladesh between 2013 and 2014

Fahima Chowdhury, Alison E. Mather, Yasmin Ara Begum, Muhammad Asaduzzaman, Nabilah Baby, Salma Sharmin, Rajib Biswas, Muhammad Ikhtear Uddin, Regina C. LaRocque, Jason B. Harris, Stephen B. Calderwood, Edward T. Ryan, John D. Clemens, Nicholas R. Thomson, Firdausi Qadri

Quality of Sterile Male Tsetse after Long Distance Transport as Chilled, Irradiated Pupae

Momar Talla Seck, Soumaïla Pagabeleguem, Mireille D. Bassene, Assane Gueye Fall, Thérèse A. R. Diouf, Baba Sall, Marc J. B. Vreysen, Jean-Baptiste Rayaissé, Peter Takac, Issa Sidibé, Andrew G. Parker, Gratian N. Mutika, Jérémy Bouyer, Geoffrey Gimonneau

Dispersal of Engineered Male Aedes aegypti Mosquitoes

Peter Winskill, Danilo O. Carvalho, Margareth L. Capurro, Luke Alphey, Christl A. Donnelly, Andrew R. McKemey

Parasitological, Hematological and Biochemical Characteristics of a Model of Hyper-microfilariaemic Loiasis (Loa loa) in the Baboon (Papio anubis)

Samuel Wanji, Ebanga-Echi Eyong, Nicholas Tendongfor, Che Ngwa, Elive Esuka, Arnaud Kengne-Ouafo, Fabrice Datchoua-Poutcheu, Peter Enyong, Adrian Hopkins, Charles D. Mackenzie

Distribution of Plasmids in Distinct Leptospira Pathogenic Species

Yanzhuo Wang, Xuran Zhuang, Yi Zhong, Cuicai Zhang, Yan Zhang, Lingbing Zeng, Yongzhang Zhu, Ping He, Ke Dong, Utpal Pal, Xiaokui Guo, Jinhong Qin

Population Dynamics of Owned, Free-Roaming Dogs: Implications for Rabies Control

Anne Conan, Oluyemisi Akerele, Greg Simpson, Bjorn Reininghaus, Jacques van Rooyen, Darryn Knobel

Cross-Reactivity of Filariais ICT Cards in Areas of Contrasting Endemicity of Loa loa and Mansonella perstans in Cameroon: Implications for Shrinking of the Lymphatic Filariasis Map in the Central African Region

Samuel Wanji, Nathalie Amvongo-Adjia, Benjamin Koudou, Abdel Jelil Njouendou, Patrick W. Chounna Ndongmo, Jonas A. Kengne-Ouafo, Fabrice R. Datchoua-Poutcheu, Bridget Adzemye Fovennso, Dizzle Bita Tayong, Fanny Fri Fombad, Peter U. Fischer, Peter I. Enyong, Moses Bockarie

Determinants of Visceral Leishmaniasis: A Case-Control Study in Gedaref State, Sudan

Fabienne Nackers, Yolanda Kathrin Mueller, Niven Salih, Mousab Siddig Elhag, Mobarak Elnour Elbadawi, Omer Hammam, Ann Mumina, Atia Abdalla Atia, Jean-François Etard, Koert Ritmeijer, François Chappuis

The Role of Child Health Days in the Attainment of Global Deworming Coverage Targets among Preschool-Age Children

Richard Senam Kumapley, Roland Kupka, Nita Dalmiya

siRNA-Mediated Silencing of doublesex during Female Development of the Dengue Vector Mosquito Aedes aegypti

Keshava Mysore, Longhua Sun, Michael Tomchaney, Gwyneth Sullivan, Haley Adams, Andres S. Piscoya, David W. Severson, Zainulabeuddin Syed, Molly Duman-Scheel

Mass Administration of Ivermectin for the Elimination of Onchocerciasis Significantly Reduced and Maintained Low the Prevalence of Strongyloides stercoralis in Esmeraldas, Ecuador

Mariella Anselmi, Dora Buonfrate, Angel Guevara Espinoza, Rosanna Prandi, Monica Marquez, Maria Gobbo, Antonio Montresor, Marco Albonico, Marcia Racines Orbe, Juan Martin Moreira, Zeno Bisoffi

Shrinking the Lymphatic Filariasis Map of Ethiopia: Reassessing the Population at Risk through Nationwide Mapping

Maria P. Rebollo, Heven Sime, Ashenafi Assefa, Jorge Cano, Kebede Deribe, Alba Gonzalez-Escalada, Oumer Shafi, Gail Davey, Simon J. Brooker, Amha Kebede, Moses J. Bockarie

Multiple Origins of Mutations in the mdr1 Gene—A Putative Marker of Chloroquine Resistance in P. vivax

Mette L. Schousboe, Samir Ranjitkar, Rupika S. Rajakaruna, Priyanie H. Amerasinghe, Francisco Morales, Richard Pearce, Rosalyn Ord, Toby Leslie, Mark Rowland, Nahla B. Gadalla, Flemming Konradsen, Ib C. Bygbjerg, Cally Roper, Michael Alifrangis

Depletion of UDP-Glucose and UDP-Galactose Using a Degron System Leads to Growth Cessation of Leishmania major

Sebastian Damerow, Carolin Hoppe, Giulia Bandini, Patricia Zarnovican, Falk R. Buettner, Carsten G. K. Lüder, Michael A. J. Ferguson, Françoise H. Routier

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Renato A. Errea, George Vasquez-Rios, Jorge D. Machicado, Maria Susana Gallardo, Marilhia Cornejo, Jorge F. Urquiaga, Diego Montoya, Rodrigo Zamudio, Angelica Terashima, Luis A. Marcos, Frine Samalvides