Table of Contents

December 2014

Mosquitoes were collected by human landing collections to evaluate picaridin repellents in a field study. The morning after mosquito collections, mosquitoes are identified and their parity status is determined under the microscope in the field. This field study revealed differences in repellent sensitivity between Southeast Asian vectors of malaria and arboviruses. Moreover, by calculating the parity rate of the mosquito populations, it was shown that mosquito populations that are insensitive to repellents are older (have a higher parity rate) than sensitive populations. See Van Roey et al.

Image Credit: Karel Van Roey


Yemen: Fighting Neglected Tropical Diseases against All Odds

Elisa Baring, Peter J. Hotez


Histoplasmosis or Tuberculosis in HIV-Infected Patients in the Amazon: What Should Be Treated First?

Mathieu Nacher, Antoine Adenis, Emilie Sambourg, Florence Huber, Philippe Abboud, Loïc Epelboin, Emilie Mosnier, Vincent Vantilcke, Julie Dufour, Félix Djossou, Magalie Demar, Pierre Couppié

Policy Platform

Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis: The Processes Underlying Programme Success

Kazuyo Ichimori, Jonathan D. King, Dirk Engels, Aya Yajima, Alexei Mikhailov, Patrick Lammie, Eric A. Ottesen

Photo Quiz

Multiple Cutaneous Nodules in an HIV-Infected Patient

Atchara Phumee, Sarunyou Chusri, Kanyarat Kraivichian, Jade Wititsuwannakul, Thanaporn Hortiwakul, Usavadee Thavara, Khachornsakdi Silpapojakul, Padet Siriyasatien


Human African Trypanosomiasis Presenting at Least 29 Years after Infection—What Can This Teach Us about the Pathogenesis and Control of This Neglected Tropical Disease?

Darshan Sudarshi, Sarah Lawrence, William Owen Pickrell, Vinay Eligar, Richard Walters, Shumonta Quaderi, Alice Walker, Paul Capewell, Caroline Clucas, Angela Vincent, Francesco Checchi, Annette MacLeod, Michael Brown


High Throughput Screening for Anti–Trypanosoma cruzi Drug Discovery

Julio Alonso-Padilla, Ana Rodríguez

Research Articles

Therapeutic Administration of Recombinant Paracoccin Confers Protection against Paracoccidioides brasiliensis Infection: Involvement of TLRs

Ana Claudia Paiva Alegre-Maller, Flávia Costa Mendonça, Thiago Aparecido da Silva, Aline Ferreira Oliveira, Mateus Silveira Freitas, Ebert Seixas Hanna, Igor C. Almeida, Nicholas J. Gay, Maria Cristina Roque-Barreira

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) about Rabies Prevention and Control: A Community Survey in Tanzania

Maganga Sambo, Tiziana Lembo, Sarah Cleaveland, Heather M. Ferguson, Lwitiko Sikana, Cleophas Simon, Honorati Urassa, Katie Hampson

Multi-modal Analysis of Courtship Behaviour in the Old World Leishmaniasis Vector Phlebotomus argentipes

Daniel P. Bray, Khatijah Yaman, Beryl A. Underhilll, Fraser Mitchell, Victoria Carter, James G. C. Hamilton

International Dispersal of Dengue through Air Travel: Importation Risk for Europe

Jan C. Semenza, Bertrand Sudre, Jennifer Miniota, Massimiliano Rossi, Wei Hu, David Kossowsky, Jonathan E. Suk, Wim Van Bortel, Kamran Khan

Glucose- but Not Rice-Based Oral Rehydration Therapy Enhances the Production of Virulence Determinants in the Human Pathogen Vibrio cholerae

Juliane Kühn, Flavio Finger, Enrico Bertuzzo, Sandrine Borgeaud, Marino Gatto, Andrea Rinaldo, Melanie Blokesch

Profound Activity of the Anti-cancer Drug Bortezomib against Echinococcus multilocularis Metacestodes Identifies the Proteasome as a Novel Drug Target for Cestodes

Britta Stadelmann, Denise Aeschbacher, Cristina Huber, Markus Spiliotis, Joachim Müller, Andrew Hemphill

Comparative Effectiveness of Different Strategies of Oral Cholera Vaccination in Bangladesh: A Modeling Study

Dobromir T. Dimitrov, Christopher Troeger, M. Elizabeth Halloran, Ira M. Longini, Dennis L. Chao

Modeling the Interruption of the Transmission of Soil-Transmitted Helminths by Repeated Mass Chemotherapy of School-Age Children

James Truscott, T. Déirdre Hollingsworth, Roy Anderson

Influence of Household Rat Infestation on Leptospira Transmission in the Urban Slum Environment

Federico Costa, Guilherme S. Ribeiro, Ridalva D. M. Felzemburgh, Norlan Santos, Renato Barbosa Reis, Andreia C. Santos, Deborah Bittencourt Mothe Fraga, Wildo N. Araujo, Carlos Santana, James E. Childs, Mitermayer G. Reis, Albert I. Ko

Noma Affected Children from Niger Have Distinct Oral Microbial Communities Based on High-Throughput Sequencing of 16S rRNA Gene Fragments

Katrine L. Whiteson, Vladimir Lazarevic, Manuela Tangomo-Bento, Myriam Girard, Heather Maughan, Didier Pittet, Patrice Francois, Jacques Schrenzel, the GESNOMA study group

Sources of Blood Meals of Sylvatic Triatoma guasayana near Zurima, Bolivia, Assayed with qPCR and 12S Cloning

David E. Lucero, Wilma Ribera, Juan Carlos Pizarro, Carlos Plaza, Levi W. Gordon, Reynaldo Peña Jr, Leslie A. Morrissey, Donna M. Rizzo, Lori Stevens

An Updated Insight into the Sialotranscriptome of Triatoma infestans: Developmental Stage and Geographic Variations

Alexandra Schwarz, Nora Medrano-Mercado, Günter A. Schaub, Claudio J. Struchiner, M. Dolores Bargues, Michael Z. Levy, José M. C. Ribeiro

The Relationship between Water, Sanitation and Schistosomiasis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Jack E. T. Grimes, David Croll, Wendy E. Harrison, Jürg Utzinger, Matthew C. Freeman, Michael R. Templeton

Natural and Vaccine-Mediated Immunity to Salmonella Typhimurium is Impaired by the Helminth Nippostrongylus brasiliensis

Saeeda Bobat, Matthew Darby, Dunja Mrdjen, Charlotte Cook, Erin Logan, Jennifer Auret, Elizabeth Jones, Corinna Schnoeller, Adriana Flores-Langarica, Ewan A. Ross, Alykhan Vira, Constantino López-Macías, Ian R. Henderson, James Alexander, Frank Brombacher, William G. Horsnell, Adam F. Cunningham

Health-Related Quality of Life among School Children with Parasitic Infections: Findings from a National Cross-Sectional Survey in Côte d'Ivoire

Eveline Hürlimann, Clarisse A. Houngbedji, Richard B. Yapi, Prisca B. Ndri, Kigbafori D. Silué, Gotianwa Soro, Ferdinand N. Kouamé, Thomas Fürst, Jürg Utzinger, Eliézer K. N'Goran, Giovanna Raso

Multiple Immune Factors Are Involved in Controlling Acute and Chronic Chikungunya Virus Infection

Yee Suan Poo, Penny A. Rudd, Joy Gardner, Jane A. C. Wilson, Thibaut Larcher, Marie-Anne Colle, Thuy T. Le, Helder I. Nakaya, David Warrilow, Richard Allcock, Helle Bielefeldt-Ohmann, Wayne A. Schroder, Alexander A. Khromykh, José A. Lopez, Andreas Suhrbier

HSP70 Domain II of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Modulates Immune Response and Protective Potential of F1 and LcrV Antigens of Yersinia pestis in a Mouse Model

Lalit Batra, Shailendra K. Verma, Durgesh P. Nagar, Nandita Saxena, Prachi Pathak, Satish C. Pant, Urmil Tuteja

Quality of Medicines Commonly Used in the Treatment of Soil Transmitted Helminths and Giardia in Ethiopia: A Nationwide Survey

Sultan Suleman, Gemechu Zeleke, Habtewold Deti, Zeleke Mekonnen, Luc Duchateau, Bruno Levecke, Jozef Vercruysse, Matthias D'Hondt, Evelien Wynendaele, Bart De Spiegeleer

A Spatially Explicit Metapopulation Model and Cattle Trade Analysis Suggests Key Determinants for the Recurrent Circulation of Rift Valley Fever Virus in a Pilot Area of Madagascar Highlands

Gaëlle Nicolas, Véronique Chevalier, Luciano Michaël Tantely, Didier Fontenille, Benoît Durand

Rapid Identification of Black Grain Eumycetoma Causative Agents Using Rolling Circle Amplification

Sarah A. Ahmed, Bert H. G. Gerrits van den Ende, Ahmed H. Fahal, Wendy W. J. van de Sande, G. S. de Hoog

Population Genetics of Two Key Mosquito Vectors of Rift Valley Fever Virus Reveals New Insights into the Changing Disease Outbreak Patterns in Kenya

David P. Tchouassi, Armanda D. S. Bastos, Catherine L. Sole, Mawlouth Diallo, Joel Lutomiah, James Mutisya, Francis Mulwa, Christian Borgemeister, Rosemary Sang, Baldwyn Torto

Live Imaging of Bioluminescent Leptospira interrogans in Mice Reveals Renal Colonization as a Stealth Escape from the Blood Defenses and Antibiotics

Gwenn Ratet, Frédéric J. Veyrier, Martine Fanton d'Andon, Xavier Kammerscheit, Marie-Anne Nicola, Mathieu Picardeau, Ivo G. Boneca, Catherine Werts

Detection of IgM Antibrucella Antibody in the Absence of IgGs: A Challenge for the Clinical Interpretation of Brucella Serology

Julián Solís García del Pozo, Santiago Lorente Ortuño, Elena Navarro, Javier Solera

A Novel Psittacine Adenovirus Identified During an Outbreak of Avian Chlamydiosis and Human Psittacosis: Zoonosis Associated with Virus-Bacterium Coinfection in Birds

Kelvin K. W. To, Herman Tse, Wan-Mui Chan, Garnet K. Y. Choi, Anna J. X. Zhang, Siddharth Sridhar, Sally C. Y. Wong, Jasper F. W. Chan, Andy S. F. Chan, Patrick C. Y. Woo, Susanna K. P. Lau, Janice Y. C. Lo, Kwok-Hung Chan, Vincent C. C. Cheng, Kwok-Yung Yuen

First Isolation of Leishmania from Northern Thailand: Case Report, Identification as Leishmania martiniquensis and Phylogenetic Position within the Leishmania enriettii Complex

Thatawan Pothirat, Adisak Tantiworawit, Romanee Chaiwarith, Narissara Jariyapan, Anchalee Wannasan, Padet Siriyasatien, Khuanchai Supparatpinyo, Michelle D. Bates, Godwin Kwakye-Nuako, Paul A. Bates

Genome Update of the Dimorphic Human Pathogenic Fungi Causing Paracoccidioidomycosis

José F. Muñoz, Juan E. Gallo, Elizabeth Misas, Margaret Priest, Alma Imamovic, Sarah Young, Qiandong Zeng, Oliver K. Clay, Juan G. McEwen, Christina A. Cuomo

The Effect of Virus-Blocking Wolbachia on Male Competitiveness of the Dengue Vector Mosquito, Aedes aegypti

Michal Segoli, Ary A. Hoffmann, Jane Lloyd, Gavin J. Omodei, Scott A. Ritchie

Risk Factors Associated with Malnutrition in One-Year-Old Children Living in the Peruvian Amazon

Serene A. Joseph, Martín Casapía, Brittany Blouin, Mathieu Maheu-Giroux, Elham Rahme, Theresa W. Gyorkos

A Sero-epidemiological Study of Arboviral Fevers in Djibouti, Horn of Africa

Fred Andayi, Remi N. Charrel, Alexia Kieffer, Herve Richet, Boris Pastorino, Isabelle Leparc-Goffart, Ammar Abdo Ahmed, Fabrice Carrat, Antoine Flahault, Xavier de Lamballerie

P53 and Cancer-Associated Sialylated Glycans Are Surrogate Markers of Cancerization of the Bladder Associated with Schistosoma haematobium Infection

Júlio Santos, Elisabete Fernandes, José Alexandre Ferreira, Luís Lima, Ana Tavares, Andreia Peixoto, Beatriz Parreira, José Manuel Correia da Costa, Paul J. Brindley, Carlos Lopes, Lúcio L. Santos

Quantitative PCR in Epidemiology for Early Detection of Visceral Leishmaniasis Cases in India

Medhavi Sudarshan, Toolika Singh, Abhishek Kumar Singh, Ankita Chourasia, Bhawana Singh, Mary E. Wilson, Jaya Chakravarty, Shyam Sundar

Prognostic Factors and Scoring System for Death from Visceral Leishmaniasis: An Historical Cohort Study in Brazil

Wendel Coura-Vital, Valdelaine Etelvina Miranda de Araújo, Ilka Afonso Reis, Frederico Figueiredo Amancio, Alexandre Barbosa Reis, Mariângela Carneiro

Bartonella henselae Endocarditis in Laos – ‘The Unsought Will Go Undetected’

Sayaphet Rattanavong, Pierre-Edouard Fournier, Vang Chu, Khamthavy Frichitthavong, Pany Kesone, Mayfong Mayxay, Mariana Mirabel, Paul N. Newton

Profile of Trypanosoma cruzi Infection in a Tropical Medicine Reference Center, Northern Italy

Federico Gobbi, Andrea Angheben, Mariella Anselmi, Chiara Postiglione, Ernestina Repetto, Dora Buonfrate, Stefania Marocco, Stefano Tais, Andrea Chiampan, Paride Mainardi, Zeno Bisoffi

Distinct Leishmania Species Infecting Wild Caviomorph Rodents (Rodentia: Hystricognathi) from Brazil

Renata Cássia-Pires, Mariana C. Boité, Paulo S. D'Andrea, Heitor M. Herrera, Elisa Cupolillo, Ana Maria Jansen, André Luiz R. Roque

Transcriptome Profiles of the Protoscoleces of Echinococcus granulosus Reveal that Excretory-Secretory Products Are Essential to Metabolic Adaptation

Wei Pan, Yujuan Shen, Xiuming Han, Ying Wang, Hua Liu, Yanyan Jiang, Yumei Zhang, Yanjuan Wang, Yuxin Xu, Jianping Cao

Using a Non-Image-Based Medium-Throughput Assay for Screening Compounds Targeting N-myristoylation in Intracellular Leishmania Amastigotes

Daniel Paape, Andrew S. Bell, William P. Heal, Jennie A. Hutton, Robin J. Leatherbarrow, Edward W. Tate, Deborah F. Smith

Detection of Venom after Antivenom Is Not Associated with Persistent Coagulopathy in a Prospective Cohort of Russell's Viper (Daboia russelii) Envenomings

Kalana Maduwage, Margaret A. O'Leary, Fiona E. Scorgie, Seyed Shahmy, Fahim Mohamed, Chandana Abeysinghe, Harindra Karunathilake, Lisa F. Lincz, Christeine A. Gnanathasan, Geoffrey K. Isbister

Simple Fecal Flotation Is a Superior Alternative to Guadruple Kato Katz Smear Examination for the Detection of Hookworm Eggs in Human Stool

Tawin Inpankaew, Fabian Schär, Virak Khieu, Sinuon Muth, Anders Dalsgaard, Hanspeter Marti, Rebecca J. Traub, Peter Odermatt

Evaluation of the Diagnostic Accuracy of Prototype Rapid Tests for Human African Trypanosomiasis

Jeremy M. Sternberg, Marek Gierliński, Sylvain Biéler, Michael A. J. Ferguson, Joseph M. Ndung'u

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Field Evaluation of Picaridin Repellents Reveals Differences in Repellent Sensitivity between Southeast Asian Vectors of Malaria and Arboviruses

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