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Table of Contents

October 2014

Chagas disease is transmitted by hematophagous triatomine bugs, which can invade and sometimes adapt to houses. Vector control based on insecticide spraying and housing improvement is the main strategy used for Chagas disease prevention. Acceptance and participation in vector control is in turn greatly affected by how the disease and the bugs are perceived by communities. We have used children's drawings to explore their knowledge and perceptions of the bugs, to further engage communities in vector control activities. Children are very familiar with triatomine bugs, which they depict vividly, and this knowledge can be used to further improve Chagas disease awareness messages and community participation in disease control. See Yevstigneyeva et al.

Image Credit: Eric Dumonteil

Editorial

Tungiasis—A Neglected Disease with Many Challenges for Global Public Health

Hermann Feldmeier, Jorg Heukelbach, Uade Samuel Ugbomoiko, Elizabeth Sentongo, Pamela Mbabazi, Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna, Ingela Krantz, The International Expert Group for Tungiasis

Policy Platform

Chagas Disease and the London Declaration on Neglected Tropical Diseases

Rick L. Tarleton, Ricardo E. Gürtler, Julio A. Urbina, Janine Ramsey, Rodolfo Viotti

Health Policies to Control Chagas Disease Transmission in European Countries

Ana Requena-Méndez, Pere Albajar-Viñas, Andrea Angheben, Peter Chiodini, Joaquim Gascón, José Muñoz, Chagas Disease COHEMI Working Group

Historical Profiles and Perspectives

Ibarapa Programme: Half a Century of Rural Health Service, Training, and International Cooperation in Nigeria

Oluwatoyin A. Asojo, Micheal C. Asuzu, Akindele O. Adebiyi

Reviews

Leishmaniasis in the Middle East: Incidence and Epidemiology

Nasir Salam, Waleed Mohammed Al-Shaqha, Arezki Azzi

Iron Necessity: The Secret of Wolbachia's Success?

Alessandra Christina Gill, Alistair C. Darby, Benjamin L. Makepeace

Mycetoma Medical Therapy

Oliverio Welsh, Hail Mater Al-Abdely, Mario Cesar Salinas-Carmona, Ahmed Hassan Fahal

Current Treatment for Venom-Induced Consumption Coagulopathy Resulting from Snakebite

Kalana Maduwage, Geoffrey K. Isbister

Research Articles

Mycobacterium bovis in Burkina Faso: Epidemiologic and Genetic Links between Human and Cattle Isolates

Adama Sanou, Zekiba Tarnagda, Estelle Kanyala, Dezemon Zingué, Moumini Nouctara, Zakaria Ganamé, Adjima Combary, Hervé Hien, Mathurin Dembele, Antoinette Kabore, Nicolas Meda, Philippe Van de Perre, Dorine Neveu, Anne Laure Bañuls, Sylvain Godreuil

Brugia malayi Microfilariae Induce a Regulatory Monocyte/Macrophage Phenotype That Suppresses Innate and Adaptive Immune Responses

Noëlle Louise O'Regan, Svenja Steinfelder, Gopinath Venugopal, Gopala B. Rao, Richard Lucius, Aparna Srikantam, Susanne Hartmann

Ruthenium Complex with Benznidazole and Nitric Oxide as a New Candidate for the Treatment of Chagas Disease

Renata Sesti-Costa, Zumira A. Carneiro, Maria C. Silva, Maíta Santos, Grace K. Silva, Cristiane Milanezi, Roberto S. da Silva, João S. Silva

Evaluation of a Dengue NS1 Antigen Detection Assay Sensitivity and Specificity for the Diagnosis of Acute Dengue Virus Infection

Laura L. Hermann, Butsaya Thaisomboonsuk, Yongyuth Poolpanichupatam, Richard G. Jarman, Siripen Kalayanarooj, Ananda Nisalak, In-Kyu Yoon, Stefan Fernandez

Cryptosporidium Prevalence and Risk Factors among Mothers and Infants 0 to 6 Months in Rural and Semi-Rural Northwest Tanzania: A Prospective Cohort Study

Sarah H. Pedersen, Amanda L. Wilkinson, Aura Andreasen, David C. Warhurst, Safari M. Kinung'hi, Mark Urassa, Denna M. Mkwashapi, Jim Todd, John Changalucha, Joann M. McDermid

Cutaneous Leishmaniasis and Sand Fly Fluctuations Are Associated with El Niño in Panamá

Luis Fernando Chaves, José E. Calzada, Anayansí Valderrama, Azael Saldaña

Vector Competence in West African Aedes aegypti Is Flavivirus Species and Genotype Dependent

Laura B. Dickson, Irma Sanchez-Vargas, Massamba Sylla, Karen Fleming, William C. Black IV

Identification of Cell-Binding Adhesins of Leptospira interrogans

Karen V. Evangelista, Beth Hahn, Elsio A. Wunder Jr, Albert I. Ko, David A. Haake, Jenifer Coburn

Sources and Distribution of Surface Water Fecal Contamination and Prevalence of Schistosomiasis in a Brazilian Village

Rafael Ponce-Terashima, Amber M. Koskey, Mitermayer G. Reis, Sandra L. McLellan, Ronald E. Blanton

Contribution of the Community Health Volunteers in the Control of Buruli Ulcer in Bénin

Yves Thierry Barogui, Ghislain Emmanuel Sopoh, Roch Christian Johnson, Janine de Zeeuw, Ange Dodji Dossou, Jean Gabin Houezo, Annick Chauty, Julia Aguiar, Didier Agossadou, Patrick A. Edorh, Kingsley Asiedu, Tjip S. van der Werf, Ymkje Stienstra

Leishmania Specific CD4 T Cells Release IFNγ That Limits Parasite Replication in Patients with Visceral Leishmaniasis

Rajiv Kumar, Neetu Singh, Shalini Gautam, Om Prakash Singh, Kamlesh Gidwani, Madhukar Rai, David Sacks, Shyam Sundar, Susanne Nylén

New Developments of RNAi in Paracoccidioides brasiliensis: Prospects for High-Throughput, Genome-Wide, Functional Genomics

Tercio Goes, Elisa Flavia L. C. Bailão, Cristiane R. Correa, Adriana Bozzi, Luara I. Santos, Dawidson A. Gomes, Celia M. A. Soares, Alfredo M. Goes

Melarsoprol Sensitivity Profile of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense Isolates from Cured and Relapsed Sleeping Sickness Patients from the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Patient Pyana Pati, Nick Van Reet, Dieudonné Mumba Ngoyi, Ipos Ngay Lukusa, Stomy Karhemere Bin Shamamba, Philippe Büscher

Re-emergence of Rabies in the Guangxi Province of Southern China

Hai-Bo Tang, Yan Pan, Xian-Kai Wei, Zhuan-Ling Lu, Wu Lu, Jian Yang, Xiao-Xia He, Lin-Juan Xie, Lan Zeng, Lie-Feng Zheng, Yi Xiong, Nobuyuki Minamoto, Ting Rong Luo

High Fat Diet Modulates Trypanosoma cruzi Infection Associated Myocarditis

Fnu Nagajyothi, Louis M. Weiss, Dazhi Zhao, Wade Koba, Linda A. Jelicks, Min-Hui Cui, Stephen M. Factor, Philipp E. Scherer, Herbert B. Tanowitz

Analysis of Children's Perception of Triatomine Vectors of Chagas Disease through Drawings: Opportunities for Targeted Health Education

Violetta Yevstigneyeva, Javier Camara-Mejia, Eric Dumonteil

Biomarkers in Trypanosoma cruzi-Infected and Uninfected Individuals with Varying Severity of Cardiomyopathy in Santa Cruz, Bolivia

Emi E. Okamoto, Jacqueline E. Sherbuk, Eva H. Clark, Morgan A. Marks, Omar Gandarilla, Gerson Galdos-Cardenas, Angel Vasquez-Villar, Jeong Choi, Thomas C. Crawford, Rose Q., Antonio B. Fernandez, Rony Colanzi, Jorge Luis Flores-Franco, Robert H. Gilman, Caryn Bern, for the Chagas Disease Working Group in Bolivia and Peru

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