About the Authors

Simon Alderton

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Software, Validation, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

s.alderton@lancaster.ac.uk

Affiliations Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom, Centre for Health Informatics, Computing and Statistics (CHICAS), Lancaster Medical School, Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom, Geography and Environment, Faculty of Social and Human Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

Ewan T. Macleod

Roles Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Division of Infection and Pathway Medicine, Deanery of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, 1 George Square, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Neil E. Anderson

Roles Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and the Roslin Institute, University of Edinburgh, Roslin, United Kingdom

Noreen Machila

Roles Funding acquisition, Investigation, Project administration, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Division of Infection and Pathway Medicine, Deanery of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, 1 George Square, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, Department of Disease Control, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia

Martin Simuunza

Roles Funding acquisition, Investigation, Project administration, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Disease Control, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia

Susan C. Welburn

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Division of Infection and Pathway Medicine, Deanery of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, 1 George Square, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Peter M. Atkinson

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Supervision, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom, Centre for Health Informatics, Computing and Statistics (CHICAS), Lancaster Medical School, Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom, Geography and Environment, Faculty of Social and Human Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom, School of Geography, Archaeology and Palaeoecology, Queen's University Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom, State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.