About the Authors

Sandra Moore

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

sandy.moore17@gmail.com

Affiliation Department of Parasitology, Aix-Marseille University/UMR MD3, Marseille, France

Anthony Zunuo Dongdem

Roles Formal analysis, Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Health and Allied Health Sciences, Ho, Ghana

David Opare

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation National Public Health and Reference Laboratory, Ghana Health Service, Accra, Ghana

Paul Cottavoz

Roles Formal analysis, Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Regional Office for West and Central Africa, UNICEF, Dakar, Senegal

Maria Fookes

Roles Formal analysis, Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Pathogen Genomics, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Adodo Yao Sadji

Roles Data curation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Bacteriology, National Institute of Hygiene, Lomé, Togo

Emmanuel Dzotsi

Roles Data curation, Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Disease Surveillance, Ghana Health Service, Accra, Ghana

Michael Dogbe

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Ministry of Local Government & Rural Development, Environmental Health and Sanitation Directorate, Accra, Ghana

Fakhri Jeddi

Roles Formal analysis, Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Parasitology, Aix-Marseille University/UMR MD3, Marseille, France

Bawimodom Bidjada

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis

Affiliation Department of Bacteriology, National Institute of Hygiene, Lomé, Togo

Martine Piarroux

Roles Formal analysis, Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Sorbonne Université, INSERM, Institut Pierre-Louis d’Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique, Paris, France

Ouyi Tante Valentin

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Disease Surveillance, Ministry of Health, Lomé, Togo

Clément Kakaï Glèlè

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology and Health Surveillance of Borders, Ministry of Health, Cotonou, Benin

Stanislas Rebaudet

Roles Formal analysis, Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Parasitology, Aix-Marseille University/UMR MD3, Marseille, France

Amy Gassama Sow

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Bacteriology, Pasteur Institute, Dakar, Senegal

Guillaume Constantin de Magny

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation UMR IRD224-CNRS5290-UM MIVEGEC, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), Montpellier, France

Lamine Koivogui

Roles Data curation, Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation National Institute of Public Health, Ministry of Health, Conakry, Republic of Guinea

Jessica Dunoyer

Roles Conceptualization, Project administration, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Regional Office for West and Central Africa, UNICEF, Dakar, Senegal

Francois Bellet

Roles Conceptualization, Project administration, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Regional Office for West and Central Africa, UNICEF, Dakar, Senegal

Eric Garnotel

Roles Formal analysis, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Bacteriology, Hôpital d'Instruction des Armées Laveran, Marseille, France

Nicholas Thomson

Roles Formal analysis, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Pathogen Genomics, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Department of Pathogen Molecular Biology, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Renaud Piarroux

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Supervision, Validation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Sorbonne Université, INSERM, Institut Pierre-Louis d’Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique, AP-HP, Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.