About the Authors

Geraldine A. O’Hara

Contributed equally to this work with: Geraldine A. O’Hara, Anna L. McNaughton

Affiliations Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom, Co-infection Studies Programme, MRC/UVRI Uganda Research Unit, Entebbe, Uganda

Anna L. McNaughton

Contributed equally to this work with: Geraldine A. O’Hara, Anna L. McNaughton

Affiliation Nuffield Department of Medicine, Peter Medawar Building for Pathogen Research, Oxford, United Kingdom

Tongai Maponga

Affiliation Division of Medical Virology, Stellenbosch University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Tygerberg, Cape Town, South Africa

Pieter Jooste

Affiliation Department of Paediatrics, Kimberley Hospital, Kimberley, South Africa

Ponsiano Ocama

Affiliation Co-infection Studies Programme, MRC/UVRI Uganda Research Unit, Entebbe, Uganda

Roma Chilengi

Affiliation Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia

Jolynne Mokaya

Affiliation Health System Research Ethics Department, KEMRI Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya

Mitchell I. Liyayi

Affiliation Mother and Child Health Department, Baringo County Referral Hospital, Baringo, Kenya

Tabitha Wachira

Affiliation Medical-Surgical Department, Machakos Level 5 Hospital, Machakos, Kenya

David M. Gikungi

Affiliation Garissa County Referral Hospital, Garissa, Kenya

Lela Burbridge

Affiliation Patient and Public Involvement Committee, Translational Gastroenterology Unit, Nuffield Department of Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

Denise O’Donnell

Affiliation Patient and Public Involvement Committee, Translational Gastroenterology Unit, Nuffield Department of Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

Connie S. Akiror

Affiliation Global Healthcare Public Foundation, Kampala, Uganda

Derek Sloan

Affiliation School of Medicine, Medical & Biological Sciences, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Scotland, United Kingdom

Judith Torimiro

Affiliations Chantal Biya International Reference Centre for Research on HIV/AIDS, Yaounde, Cameroon, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon

Louis Marie Yindom

Affiliation Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Robert Walton

Affiliation Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom

Monique Andersson

Affiliations Division of Medical Virology, Stellenbosch University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Tygerberg, Cape Town, South Africa, Department of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trusts, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

Kevin Marsh

Affiliations Nuffield Department of Medicine, Peter Medawar Building for Pathogen Research, Oxford, United Kingdom, Africa-Oxford (AfOx) Initiative, Peter Medawar Building for Pathogen Research, Oxford, United Kingdom

Robert Newton

Affiliations Co-infection Studies Programme, MRC/UVRI Uganda Research Unit, Entebbe, Uganda, Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, United Kingdom

Philippa C. Matthews

philippa.matthews@ndm.ox.ac.uk

Affiliations Nuffield Department of Medicine, Peter Medawar Building for Pathogen Research, Oxford, United Kingdom, Department of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trusts, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

MA has received research funding from Gilead.