About the Authors

Mahamat Hissene Mahamat

Roles Investigation, Project administration, Resources

Affiliation Institut de Recherche en Elevage pour le Développement (IRED), Ndjaména, Chad

Mallaye Peka

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Supervision, Validation

Affiliation Programme National de Lutte contre la Trypanosomiase Humaine Africaine (PNLTHA), Moundou, Chad

Jean-Baptiste Rayaisse

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Supervision, Validation, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

jbrayaisse@hotmail.com

Affiliation Centre International de Recherche Développement sur l’Elevage en zone Subhumide (CIRDES), Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso

Kat S. Rock

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Resources, Software, Validation, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom

Mahamat Abdelrahim Toko

Roles Investigation, Project administration, Resources

Affiliation Institut de Recherche en Elevage pour le Développement (IRED), Ndjaména, Chad

Justin Darnas

Roles Investigation, Resources

Affiliation Programme National de Lutte contre la Trypanosomiase Humaine Africaine (PNLTHA), Moundou, Chad

Guihini Mollo Brahim

Roles Investigation, Resources

Affiliation Institut de Recherche en Elevage pour le Développement (IRED), Ndjaména, Chad

Ali Bachar Alkatib

† Deceased.

Roles Investigation

Affiliation Institut de Recherche en Elevage pour le Développement (IRED), Ndjaména, Chad

Wilfrid Yoni

Roles Investigation, Resources

Affiliation Centre International de Recherche Développement sur l’Elevage en zone Subhumide (CIRDES), Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso

Inaki Tirados

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Validation

Affiliation Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Fabrice Courtin

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Supervision, Validation, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, UMR 177 Intertryp IRD-CIRAD, Montpellier, France

Samuel P. C. Brand

Roles Formal analysis, Methodology, Software, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom

Cyrus Nersy

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition

Affiliation Institut de Recherche en Elevage pour le Développement (IRED), Ndjaména, Chad

Idriss Oumar Alfaroukh

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Project administration, Resources, Supervision

Affiliation Institut de Recherche en Elevage pour le Développement (IRED), Ndjaména, Chad

Steve J. Torr

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Software, Supervision, Validation, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Mike J. Lehane

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Supervision, Validation, Visualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Philippe Solano

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Supervision, Validation, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, UMR 177 Intertryp IRD-CIRAD, Montpellier, France

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.