About the Authors

Fernanda Marques de Carvalho

Affiliation Laboratory of Cellular Microbiology, Oswaldo Cruz Institute, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Luciana Silva Rodrigues

Current address: Laboratory of Immunopathology, Rio de Janeiro State University (UERJ), Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Affiliation Laboratory of Cellular Microbiology, Oswaldo Cruz Institute, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Nádia Cristina Duppre

Affiliation Leprosy Laboratory, Oswaldo Cruz Institute, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Iris Maria Peixoto Alvim

Affiliation Laboratory of Cellular Microbiology, Oswaldo Cruz Institute, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Marcelo Ribeiro-Alves

Affiliation Laboratory of Clinical Research in DST- AIDS, Institute of Clinical Research Evandro Chagas, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Roberta Olmo Pinheiro

Affiliation Leprosy Laboratory, Oswaldo Cruz Institute, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Euzenir Nunes Sarno

Affiliation Leprosy Laboratory, Oswaldo Cruz Institute, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Maria Cristina Vidal Pessolani

cpessola@ioc.fiocruz.br (MCVP); geraldo@ioc.fiocruz.br (GMBP)

‡ These senior authors contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Laboratory of Cellular Microbiology, Oswaldo Cruz Institute, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Geraldo Moura Batista Pereira

cpessola@ioc.fiocruz.br (MCVP); geraldo@ioc.fiocruz.br (GMBP)

‡ These senior authors contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Laboratory of Cellular Microbiology, Oswaldo Cruz Institute, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization: GMBP MCVP LSR IMPA FMC. Formal analysis: MRA FMdC GMBP MCVP. Funding acquisition: GMBP MCVP. Investigation: FMdC IMPA. Resources: ENS ROP NCD MRA GMBP MCVP. Supervision: GMBP MCVP ENS ROP NCD. Visualization: GMBP MCVP FMdC MRA. Writing – original draft: GMBP MCVP FMdC. Writing – review & editing: ENS NCD.