About the Authors

Marco Andrey C. Frade

Contributed equally to this work with: Marco Andrey C. Frade, Natália A. de Paula, Ciro M. Gomes, Sebastian Vernal, Helena B. Lugão, Norma T. Foss

mandrey@fmrp.usp.br

Affiliation Dermatology Division, Department of Medical Clinics, Ribeirao Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil

Natália A. de Paula

Contributed equally to this work with: Marco Andrey C. Frade, Natália A. de Paula, Ciro M. Gomes, Sebastian Vernal, Helena B. Lugão, Norma T. Foss

Affiliation Dermatology Division, Department of Medical Clinics, Ribeirao Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil

Ciro M. Gomes

Contributed equally to this work with: Marco Andrey C. Frade, Natália A. de Paula, Ciro M. Gomes, Sebastian Vernal, Helena B. Lugão, Norma T. Foss

Affiliations Dermatology Division, Department of Medical Clinics, Ribeirao Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil, Dermatology Division, Department of Medical Clinics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Brasília, Brasília, Brazil

Sebastian Vernal

Contributed equally to this work with: Marco Andrey C. Frade, Natália A. de Paula, Ciro M. Gomes, Sebastian Vernal, Helena B. Lugão, Norma T. Foss

Affiliation Dermatology Division, Department of Medical Clinics, Ribeirao Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil

Fred Bernardes Filho

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work

Affiliation Dermatology Division, Department of Medical Clinics, Ribeirao Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil

Helena B. Lugão

Contributed equally to this work with: Marco Andrey C. Frade, Natália A. de Paula, Ciro M. Gomes, Sebastian Vernal, Helena B. Lugão, Norma T. Foss

Affiliation Dermatology Division, Department of Medical Clinics, Ribeirao Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil

Marilda M. M. de Abreu

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work

Affiliation Service of Dermatology, University of Oeste Paulista, Presidente Prudente, Brazil

Patrícia Botini

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work

Affiliation Service of Dermatology, University of Oeste Paulista, Presidente Prudente, Brazil

Malcolm S. Duthie

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work

Affiliation Infectious Diseases Research Institute, 1616 Eastlake Av. E, Seattle, WA, United States of America

John S. Spencer

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work

Affiliation Colorado State University, Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Fort Collins, CO, United States of America

Rosa Castália F. R. Soares

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work

Affiliation General Coordination of Leprosy and Eliminating Diseases, Surveillance Secretariat in Health, Brazilian Health Ministry, Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brazil

Norma T. Foss

Contributed equally to this work with: Marco Andrey C. Frade, Natália A. de Paula, Ciro M. Gomes, Sebastian Vernal, Helena B. Lugão, Norma T. Foss

Affiliation Dermatology Division, Department of Medical Clinics, Ribeirao Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization: MACF. Data curation: NAdP. Formal analysis: MACF NAdP CMG SV. Funding acquisition: MACF RCFRS. Investigation: MACF NAdP CMG SV FBF HBL MMMdA PB RCFRS JS. Methodology: MACF NAdP. Project administration: MACF NTF. Resources: MACF RCFRS. Supervision: MACF NTF. Validation: MACF NAdP CMG SV FBF MSD JS NTF. Visualization: MACF NAdP CMG SV. Writing – original draft: MACF NAdP CMG SV. Writing – review & editing: MACF NAdP CMG SV FBF MSD JS NTF.