About the Authors

Stefano Merler

Affiliation Bruno Kessler Foundation, Trento, Italy

Marco Ajelli

Affiliation Bruno Kessler Foundation, Trento, Italy

Laura Fumanelli

Affiliation Bruno Kessler Foundation, Trento, Italy

Stefano Parlamento

Affiliation Bruno Kessler Foundation, Trento, Italy

Ana Pastore y Piontti

Affiliation Laboratory for the Modeling of Biological and Socio-technical Systems, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Natalie E. Dean

Affiliation Department of Biostatistics, College of Public Health and Health Professions, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America

Giovanni Putoto

Affiliation Doctors with Africa-CUAMM, Padua, Italy

Dante Carraro

Affiliation Doctors with Africa-CUAMM, Padua, Italy

Ira M. Longini Jr.

Affiliation Department of Biostatistics, College of Public Health and Health Professions, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America

M. Elizabeth Halloran

Affiliations Vaccine and Infectious Disease Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of America, Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Alessandro Vespignani

alexves@gmail.com

Affiliations Laboratory for the Modeling of Biological and Socio-technical Systems, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Institute for Quantitative Social Sciences at Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America, Institute for Scientific Interchange Foundation, Turin, Italy

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization: SM MA IML MEH AV. Formal analysis: SM MA LF. Methodology: SM MA LF AV. Resources: SP GP DC APyP NED. Software: SM MA LF. Supervision: SM IML MEH AV. Visualization: SM MA LF APyP. Writing – original draft: SM AV. Writing – review & editing: SM MA LF SP APyP NED GP DC IML MEH AV.