About the Authors

Fahima Chowdhury

Affiliation International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research Bangladesh (icddr,b), Dhaka, Bangladesh

Alison E. Mather

Current Address: Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Affiliation Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Yasmin Ara Begum

Affiliation International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research Bangladesh (icddr,b), Dhaka, Bangladesh

Muhammad Asaduzzaman

Affiliation International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research Bangladesh (icddr,b), Dhaka, Bangladesh

Nabilah Baby

Affiliation International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research Bangladesh (icddr,b), Dhaka, Bangladesh

Salma Sharmin

Affiliation International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research Bangladesh (icddr,b), Dhaka, Bangladesh

Rajib Biswas

Affiliation International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research Bangladesh (icddr,b), Dhaka, Bangladesh

Muhammad Ikhtear Uddin

Affiliation International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research Bangladesh (icddr,b), Dhaka, Bangladesh

Regina C. LaRocque

Affiliations Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Jason B. Harris

Affiliations Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Stephen B. Calderwood

Affiliations Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Edward T. Ryan

Affiliations Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

John D. Clemens

Affiliations International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research Bangladesh (icddr,b), Dhaka, Bangladesh, UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Nicholas R. Thomson

Affiliations Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Department of Pathogen Molecular Biology, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Firdausi Qadri

fqadri@icddrb.org

Affiliation International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research Bangladesh (icddr,b), Dhaka, Bangladesh

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: FC AEM NRT JDC FQ. Performed the experiments: YAB NB SS RB MIU AEM NRT. Analyzed the data: FC AEM MA SBC ETR RCL JBH JDC NRT FQ. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: FC AEM MA SBC ETR RCL JBH JDC NRT FQ. Wrote the paper: FC AEM MA SBC ETR RCL JBH JDC NRT FQ. Collected the clinical and demographic data: MA.