About the Authors

Kebede Deribe

kebededeka@yahoo.com

Affiliations Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Falmer, Brighton, United Kingdom, School of Public Health, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Jorge Cano

Affiliation Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Melanie J. Newport

Affiliation Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Falmer, Brighton, United Kingdom

Nick Golding

Affiliation Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Rachel L. Pullan

Affiliation Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Heven Sime

Affiliation Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Abeba Gebretsadik

Affiliation Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Ashenafi Assefa

Affiliation Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Amha Kebede

Affiliation Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Asrat Hailu

Affiliation School of Medicine, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Maria P. Rebollo

Affiliation Centre for Neglected Tropical Diseases, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Oumer Shafi

Affiliation Federal Ministry of Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Moses J. Bockarie

Affiliation Centre for Neglected Tropical Diseases, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Abraham Aseffa

Affiliation Armauer Hansen Research Institute/ALERT, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Simon I. Hay

Affiliations Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America, Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Richard Reithinger

Affiliations Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom, RTI International, Washington, District of Columbia, United States of America

Fikre Enquselassie

Affiliation School of Public Health, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Gail Davey

Affiliation Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Falmer, Brighton, United Kingdom

Simon J. Brooker

Affiliation Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KD MJN GD SJB. Performed the experiments: KD HS AG AAss AH OS GD. Analyzed the data: KD JC NG. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KD JC NG RLP MPR MJB SIH GD SJB AAss AAse. Wrote the paper: KD JC MJN NG RLP HS AG AAss AK AH MPR OS MJB AAse SIH RR FE GD SJB.