About the Authors

Federico Costa

Contributed equally to this work with: Federico Costa, José E. Hagan

Affiliations Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Brazilian Ministry of Health, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, Institute of Collective Health, Federal University of Bahia, UFBA, Salvador, Brazil, Department of Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

José E. Hagan

Contributed equally to this work with: Federico Costa, José E. Hagan

Affiliations Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Brazilian Ministry of Health, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, Department of Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Juan Calcagno

Affiliation Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Brazilian Ministry of Health, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil

Michael Kane

Affiliation Center for Analytical Sciences, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Paul Torgerson

Affiliation Section of Epidemiology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland

Martha S. Martinez-Silveira

Affiliation Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Brazilian Ministry of Health, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil

Claudia Stein

Affiliation Division of Information, Evidence, Research and Innovation, World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe, UN City, Copenhagen Ø, Denmark

Bernadette Abela-Ridder

Affiliation Department for the Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases, World Health Organization, Genève, Switzerland

Albert I. Ko

albert.ko@yale.edu

Affiliations Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Brazilian Ministry of Health, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, Department of Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CS BAR AIK. Performed the experiments: FC JEH JC MK PT MSMS. Analyzed the data: FC JEH JC MK PT AIK. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AIK CS BAR. Wrote the paper: FC JEH AIK BAR.